Syntax 322: Ch 4, Structural Relations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Syntax 322: Ch 4, Structural Relations Deck (19)
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1

BRANCH:

A line connecting two parts of a tree.

2

NODE:

The end of a branch.

3

LABEL:

The name given to a node. For example: TP, NP, N, VP, V...

4

PROPER DOMINATION:

Node A dominates node B if and only if node A is higher up in the tree that node B, and if you can trace a branch from A going to B only downwards.

So TP will dominate everything in the tree.

5

IMMEDIATE DOMINATION:

Node A immediately dominates node B if there is no intervening node G that is dominated by A but dominates B.

In other words, A is the first node that dominates B.

A immediately dominates nodes at the end of its branches.

6

MOTHER:

A is the mother of B if A immediately dominates B.

7

DAUGHTER:

B is the daughter of A if B is immediately dominated by A.

8

SISTERS:

Two nodes that share the same mother.

9

ROOT NODE:

The node that dominates everything but is dominated by nothing. Or the node that is a daughter of no other node.

10

NON-TERMINAL NODE:

A node that dominates something. Or a node that is a mother.

11

TERMINAL NODE:

A node that dominates nothing. A node that is not a mother.

12

EXHAUSTIVE DOMINATION:

Node A exhaustively dominates a set of terminal nodes {B, C, D ...} provided it dominates all the members of the stet (so that there is no member of that set that is not dominated by A) and there is no terminal node G dominated by A that is not a member of that set.

13

CONSTITUENT:

A set of terminal nodes exhaustively dominated by a particular node.

14

CONSTITUENT OF:

The opposite of domination. A is a constituent of B if and only if B dominates A.

15

IMMEDIATE CONSTITUENT OF:

A is an immediate constituent of B if and only if B immediately dominates A.

16

SISTER-PRECEDENCE:

Precedence encodes linear order of constituents.

Node A sister-precedes node B if and only if both are immediately dominated by the same node and A appears to the left of B.

17

PRECEDENCE:

Node A precedes node B if and only if neither A dominates B nor B dominates A and A (or some node dominating A) sister-precedes B (or some node dominating B).

Node A precedes node B if and only if neither dominates the other and A (or some node dominating A) sister-precedes B (or some node dominating B).

In: "the clown kissed the doberman"...
- clown precedes kissed
- clown precedes doberman

18

NO CROSSING BOUNDARIES CONTRAINT:

If node X precedes another node Y then X and all nodes dominated by X must precede Y and all nodes dominated by Y.

19

IMMEDIATE PRECEDENCE:

A immediately precedes B is there is no node G that follows A but precedes B.