Flashcards in Syntax Deck (21):
Words from other languages.
Combine two whole words into one.
Combine parts of two words into one.
Shortening a long word.
Word is formed from another word by taking off an affix.
The extension of the use of one word from its original category.
Affixes that change the meaning of a word.
Un-, -less, -ful
Syntax rule 1: word order
Specify the correct word order for a language. CVO
Meaning and arrangement
The word order contributes to the meaning.
I say what I mean, I mean what I say.
Provide the information about who is doing whom.
Specific verbs behave differently with the respect of the words may follow them.
Words group in a sentence
Ambiguous, words can be grouped in more than one way.
What grammar is not based on?
If the sentence was heard before.
If it is untrue.
If the sentence doesn’t mean anything.
Words that are grouped together
The three tests for constituents
1. Word replacement- replaced by one word and keep the same meaning.
2. Move together in a sentence.
3. Can stand alone.
Has one subject and one predicate.
Has more than one part that can stand alone and being connected by coordinating conjunctions or ;
Has a least two parts:
A part that can stand alone and another that is not and connected to the sentence by a subordinating conjunction (after, as, because, before, how, since, than)