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Flashcards in T1DM Deck (16)
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1

what is diabetes

a metabolic disorder of multiple eitology with chronic hyperglycaemia

2

normal fasting and diabetic and 2 hour glucose

7 and above
less than 7.8. 7.8-11 and 11.1

3

3 diagnostic aids

ketones,
pancreatic autoantibodies
c peptide

4

most common ketone and level

b hydroxybutyric acid
less than 0.6

5

2 islet autoantibodies

glutamic acid decarboxylase and insulinoma associated antigen 2

6

how long to detect changes in autoantibodies and c peptide

3-5 years

7

how to measure C peptide

urine c peptid to creatinine

8

3 genetics in MODY

AD, monogenic and HNF1-A

9

4 mody features

over 25
c peptide not low
families
ab negative

10

pancreatic diabetes

AD, monogenic and HNF1-A

11

7 features of pancreatic diabetes

over 25
families
managed by diet
alochol
ketones and acidosis
ab negative
low c peptide

12

4 causes of pancreatic diabetes

panceatitis
pancreas remove
carcinoma
CF
haemochromotaosis

13

2 types of management in type 1

basal bolus and biphasic

14

HBA1c target of type 1

less than 53mol

15

5 education in t1dm

monitor glucose and ketones
administering inculin
preganncy
gym
sick day rules
driving
hypo
complications

16

5 hypo/hyper causes

not rotating injection sites
incorrect dodges
CHO counting
exercise
pump failure
pregnancy
illness