Flashcards in T6 Organic Chem Deck (107)
compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
containing only single bonds
containing one or more multiple bonds
shows every atom and bond separately
all atoms joined to a singular carbon are grouped
only shows bonds between carbon atoms
shows numbers of each atom, not structure
molecular formula with each atom in its simplest whole-number ratio
an atom or group of atoms in a molecule that is responsible for its chemical reactions.
family of compounds with the same functional group, differing by CH2.
they have similar chemical/physical properties displaying gradation.
alkane general formula
alkene general formula
halogenoalkane general formula
alcohol general formula
compounds with the same molecular formula but differing structural formula
structural isomers with different carbon chains.
similar chemical properties but different physical.
molecules with the same functional group attached in a different position on the same carbon chain
different physical/chemical properties
compounds with the same structural formula but with the atoms/groups arranged differently in 3 dimensions.
compounds containing a CC double bond with atoms or groups attached at different positions.
bond angles shown on geometric isomers
at 120 degrees
when the 2 Carbon groups are on opposite sides to one another.
when the 2 carbon groups are on the same side to one another.
why do geometric isomers only occur at double bonds?
because the CC double bond presence restricts rotation so groups attached can't move around
process of E/Z notation
1.) work out names of both isomers
2.) use priority rules as to which of 2 atoms on left of C=C has the higher priority (higher having a greater atomic number)
3.) copy on the right
4.) are they in the cis or trans positions?
equivalent of trans notation for non-carbons
equivalent of cis notation for non-carbons
3 main processes used to convert crude oil into fuels
crude oil heated in furnace and passed into fractionating column in which there's a temp gradient (hot at bottom and cooler at top), passing through column via a series of bubble caps, condensing at different heights, depending on bp.
larger molecules at bottom and smaller at top
hydrocarbons are passed over a heated catalyst (e.g zeolite/ aluminium oxide) causing them to break down.