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Flashcards in Tasting Notes Deck (14)
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1

Merlot is loved for it’s boisterous black cherry flavors, supple tannins, and chocolatey finish. On the high end, it’s often mistaken with Cabernet Sauvignon and commonly blended with it. Cherry, plum, chocolate, vanilla.

Bone-dry
Medium-full body
Medium-high Tannins
Medium Acidity
13.5–15% ABV

2

Cabernet Sauvignon
The world’s most popular red wine grape is a natural cross between Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon Blanc from Bordeaux, France. Cabernet Sauvignon is loved for its high concentration and age worthiness. Black cherry, black currant, cedar, baking spices.

Dry
Full Body
Medium-high Tannins
Medium Acidity
13.5–15% ABV

3

Pinot Noir is the world’s most popular light-bodied red wine. It’s loved for its red fruit, flower, and spice aromas that are accentuated by a long, smooth finish. Cherry, raspberry, mushroom. Clove, hibiscus.

Dry
Medium Body
Low Tannins
Medium-high Acidity
11.5–13.5% ABV

4

Sangiovese (chianti)
Italy’s most planted wine variety and the pride of the Tuscan regional wine, Chianti. Sangiovese is a sensitive grape that takes on different stylistic expressions based on where it grows. Cherry, roasted tomato, espresso, sweet balsamic.

Bone-dry
Medium-full body
Medium-high Tannins
Medium-high Acidity
13.5–15% ABV

5

Tempranillo. Spain’s top red wine, made famous by Rioja, where wines are classified (in part) by how long they age in oak. What’s amazing, is a well-made Tempranillo ages for over 20 years. Chery, fig. Cedar, tobacco, dill.

Dry
Medium-full Body
Medium-high Tannins
Medium-high Acidity
13.5–15% ABV

6

Malbec. Argentina’s most important variety came by way of France, where it’s commonly called Côt (sounds like “coat”). Wines are loved for their rich, dark fruit flavors and smooth chocolatey finish. Red plum, black cherry, vanilla, Cocoa, tobacco

Dry
Full Body
Medium Tannins
Medium-low Acidity
13.5–15% ABV

7

Grenache (aka Garnacha) produces rich, flavorful red wines and deep, ruby-tinted rosé. The French have championed this grape in the Southern Rhône Valley but it’s original home is Spain! Stewed strawberry, grilled plums, leather, dry herbs

Dry
Medium-full Body
Medium Tannins
Medium Acidity
Over 15% ABV

8

Chardonnay. One of the world’s most popular grapes, Chardonnay is made in a wide range of styles from lean, sparkling Blanc de Blancs to rich, creamy white wines aged in oak. Yellow Apple, pineapple, star fruit, butter, vanilla.

Dry
Medium Body
None Tannins
Medium Acidity
13.5–15% ABV

9

Reisling. An aromatic white variety that can produce white wines ranging in style from bone-dry to very sweet. Germany is the world’s most important producer of Riesling. Lime, green apple, beeswax, petroleum, jasmine.

Off-dry
Light Body
None Tannins
High Acidity
Under 10% ABV

10

Gewürztraminer . Treasured for its intense floral aromas, Gewürztraminer has thrived for centuries around Germany. Quality examples are ageworthy, but most are best enjoyed in their youth to preserve acidity. Lychee, rose, grapefruit, tangerine, ginger.

Off-dry
Medium Body
None Tannins
Low Acidity
13.5–15% ABV

11

Sauvignon Blanc. A popular and unmistakable white that’s loved for its “green” herbal flavors and sky high acidity. Sauvignon Blanc grows nearly everywhere and is produced in a variety of methods resulting in a wide that range from lean to bountiful. Honeydew, grapefuit, peach, passion fruit.

Dry
Medium-light Body
None Tannins
High Acidity
11.5–13.5% ABV

12

Pinot Gris (aka Pinot Grigio) is a pinkish grape mutation of Pinot Noir. It’s famously known for zesty white wines, but can also be used for rosé. Look to Northern Italy, Oregon, and Alsace for benchmark examples. Peach, lemon zest, cantalope, almond, crushed gravel.

Dry
Medium-light Body
None Tannins
Medium-high Acidity
11.5–13.5% ABV

13

Chenin Blanc; given its diversity of styles from lean, dry whites and aromatic sparklers, to sweet golden nectars as well as rich brandies. Quince, yellow apple, pear, honey, chamomile.

Dry
Medium-light Body
None Tannins
High Acidity
11.5–13.5% ABV

14

Moscato wine is famous for its sweet flavors of peaches and orange blossom. The word Moscato (“moe-ska-toe”) is the Italian name for Muscat Blanc. Still, Sparkling or Dessert style. Lemon, orange, pear, honeysuckle.

Low acid
None Tannins
Low alcohol. 5.5% ABV