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Flashcards in Teeth conditions Deck (10)
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1

Cavities (caries)

Bacteria evade removal by brushing and saliva and damage the (hole) enamel and deeper structures of teeth. Most cavities occur on molars and premolars.
Caused by plaque

2

Tooth decay

A general name for disease of the teeth, including cavities.

3

Periodontitis: Inflammation

Inflammation of the deeper structures of the teeth (periodontal ligament, jawbone, and cementum). Poor oral hygiene is usually to blame.

4

•Gingivitis:

Inflammation of the surface portion of the gums, around and between the crowns of the teeth. Plaque and tartar buildup can lead to gingivitis.

5

Plaque

A sticky, colorless film made of bacteria and the substances they secrete. Plaque develops quickly on teeth after eating sugary food, but can be easily brushed off.

6

Tartar

If plaque is not removed, it mixes with minerals to become tartar, a harder substance. Tartar requires professional cleaning for removal.

7

Overbite

The upper teeth protrude significantly over the lower teeth.

8

Underbite

The lower teeth protrude significantly past the upper teeth

9

Teeth grinding (bruxism

Stress, anxiety, or sleep disorders can cause teeth grinding, usually during sleep. A dull headache or sore jaw can be symptoms.

10

Tooth sensitivity

When one or more teeth become sensitive to hot or cold, it may mean the dentin is exposed.