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Flashcards in Cosmetic dentistry Deck (6)
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1

Dental Veneers

The leading cosmetic procedure for many years were dental veneers. These are thin layers of porcelain that fit over the front surface of a tooth and can be used to change the colour or shape of the tooth as well as filling spaces between teeth. However, recently there has been a step away from veneers due to the fact that the top surface of the tooth must be removed for a veneer to be placed with is destructive and non-reversible.

2

Straightening

Adult orthodontic treatment has become increasingly popular in the UK due to the development of technologies such as Invisalign. These “nearly invisible” braces offer an alternative to fixed metal braces and are more attractive to those undergoing orthodontic treatment later on in life.

3

Composite Bonding

Often used as an alternative to veneers, composite bonding involves shaping the teeth with composite resin material to make the teeth appear straighter, fix gaps in the teeth, discolouration or chipped teeth. The procedure is less destructive than the placement of veneers although it is not suitable in all cases.

4

Whitening

Tooth whitening is a procedure in which the natural colour of the tooth is lightened and stains from tea, coffee or smoking are removed. There are many different whitening techniques but the main method involves a dentist making a specialised mouthguard that fits over the teeth and is then filled with hydrogen or carbamide peroxide. As these compounds are broken down, oxygen is released which gets into the enamel and lightens the tooth colour

5

Why do some beauty salons advertise whitening?

The General Dental Council issued guidance that only dentists could perform tooth whitening. They recently extended this to include dental hygienists, therapists and technicians who are able to whiten teeth on the prescription of a dentist. Due to this, it is not legal for those who are not registered with the GDC to perform tooth whitening.

6

Why are braces offered on the NHS to some patients and not others?

Orthodontic treatment is offered on the NHS to those under 18 who are deemed to require it for health reasons. This means that minor irregularities that are purely cosmetic are no longer corrected with orthodontic treatment on the NHS