Explain how lines are produced in an emission spectra
Each line results from a transition between definite energy levels. Excited electrons can fall down to lower energy level releasing a photon of light
Combined equation E =
E = LHC/ λ
Pauli's Exclusion Principle
If a box contains two electrons one must be pointing up and the other pointing down
State the definition of a ligand
Ligands are negative ions or unchanged molecules with one or more non-bonding pairs of electrons
An example of a monodentate ligand
An example of a bidentate ligand
What is the definition of a buffer?
A buffer solution is one in which the pH remains approximately constant when small amounts of acid or base or water are added.
The formula to calculate ∆S is
∆S = ΣS(products) - ΣS(reactants)
The formula to calculate ∆G is
∆G=∆H - T∆S
Give the equation to calculate ∆H
∆H=Σ∆H(products) - Σ∆H(reactants)
First order means reaction rate
Second order means reaction rate
K refers to the?
a not A refers to the what?
order of the reaction