Flashcards in Temperament and attachment Deck (11)
What is temperament?
A set of basic personality characteristics one is born with
What is attachment?
The motivational and behavioural system that directs the child to seek proximity with a PRIMARY CAREGIVER when they are under stress, with the expectation that they will receive support
This may then contribute to our 'internal working model' of how we respond within relationships when hurt or separated from loved ones, or perceiving a threat
What are the 9 areas of temperament?
1. Activity level
9. Attention span/persistence
What can the 9 areas of temperament be simplified to in order to describe a child?
3. Slow to warm up
What defines a baby with an easy temperament?
(40% of infants)
Adjust easily to new situations
Quickly establish routines
Generally cheerful and easy to calm
What defines a baby with a difficult temperament?
(10% of infants)
Slow to adjust to new experiences
Likely to react negatively and intensely to stimuli and events
What defines a baby with a slow-to-warm up temperament?
(15% of infants)
Somewhat difficult at first but become easier over time
What are the 3 areas in the basic model of attachment?
1. Secure attachment
2. Insecure/avoidant attachment
3. Insecure/ambivalent attachment
What defines secure attachment?
(~70% of infants)
Infant will be reasonably upset when their caregiver leaves but will be happy to see them return and will be quickly soothed
Likely reflects an appropriately available and predictable caregiver
What defines insecure/avoidant attachment?
(~20% of infants)
Infants show little interest in their caregivers, although they will cry when they leave the room
They don't seem that pleased when their caregiver returns, often turning their backs on them and trying to get away
Reflects caregivers who may have been absent or disinterested