Term 1 Flashcards Preview

Global Citizenship > Term 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Term 1 Deck (23)
Loading flashcards...
1

congress

the national legislative body of a country

2

executive branch

the branch of government charged with the execution and enforcement of laws and policies and the administration of public affairs; the executive

3

legislative branch

the branch of government having the power to make laws

4

judicial branch

the branch of government charged with the interpretation of laws and the administration of justice

5

president

the elected head of a republican state

6

vice president

an official or executive ranking below and deputizing for a president

7

census

an official count or survey of a population, typically recording various details of individuals

8

supreme court

the highest judicial court in a country or state.
(the highest federal court in the US, consisting of nine justices and taking judicial precedence over all other courts in the nation)

9

house of representitives

the lower legislative branch

10

senate

the smaller group of the two groups that form the U.S. Congress

11

liberalism

belief in the value of social and political change in order to achieve progress

12

conservatism

belief in the value of established and traditional practices in politics and society

13

checks and balances

a system in which the different parts of an organization (such as a government) have powers that affect and control the other parts so that no part can become too powerful

14

democracy

a form of government in which people choose leaders by voting

15

politics

activities that relate to influencing the actions and policies of a government or getting and keeping power in a government

16

republican

a person who believes in or supports a republican form of government

17

democrat

a person who believes in or supports democracy

18

election

the act or process of choosing someone for a public office by voting

19

voting rights

the right to vote as a citizen

20

Electoral College

a body of electors; especially : one that elects the president and vice president of the United States

21

constitution

the system of beliefs and laws by which a country, state, or organization is governed

22

constitutional

of or relating to the system of beliefs and laws that govern a country

23

veto

the right or power of a person in authority to decide that something (such as a new law) will not be approved