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Flashcards in Terminology Deck (32)
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1

Euthymia

A normal mood state

2

Looseness of association

A pattern of thinking that is haphazard, illogical, and confused, and in which connections in thought are interrupted; it is seen primarily in schizophrenic disorders

3

Anorexia

A medical term that signifies a loss of appetite

4

Pressure of speech

A speech pattern characterized by forceful energy manifested in frantic, jumbled speech as when a manic individual struggles to keep pace with racing thoughts

5

Echolalia

Mimicry or imitation of the speech of another person

6

Insight

Understanding and awareness of the reasons for and meaning behind one’s motives and behavior

7

Perseveration

The involuntary repetition of the same thought, phrase, or motor response (e.g. brushing teeth, walking); it is associated with brain damage

8

Delusion

A false belief held to be true even with evidence to the contrary (e.g. the false belief that one is being singled out for harm by others)

9

Apathy

A state of indifference

10

Circumstantial speech

A pattern of speech characterized by indirectness and delay before the person gets to the point or answers a question; the person gets caught up in countless details and explanations

11

Grandiosity

Exaggerated belief in or claims about one’s importance or identity

12

Anxiety

A state of feeling apprehension, uneasiness, uncertainty, or dread resulting from a real or perceived threat whose actual source is unknown or unrecognized

13

Hallucinations

A sensory perception (seeing, hearing, tasting, smelling, or touching) for which no external stimulus exists

14

Clang association

The meaningless rhyming of words, often in a forceful manner

15

Compulsion

Repetitive, seemingly purposeless behaviors performed according to certain rules known to the client to temporarily reduce escalating anxiety

16

Affect

The external manifestation of feeling or emotion, which can be assessed by observing facial expression, tone of voice, and body language

17

Flight of ideas

A continuous flow of speech in which the person jumps rapidly from one topic to another

18

Labile

Characterized by rapid shifts; unstable

19

Obsession

An idea, impulse, or emotion that a person cannot put out of his or her consciousness; the condition can be mild or severe

20

Blocking

A sudden obstruction or interruption in the spontaneous flow of thinking or speaking that is perceived as an absence or deprivation of thought

21

Mood

Defined by the American Psychiatric Association as a pervasive and sustained emotion that, when extreme, can markedly color the way the individual perceives the world

22

Flat

Absence or near absence of any signs of affective expression

23

Tangentiality

A disturbance in associative thinking in which the individual goes off the topic. When it happens frequently and the individual does not return to the topic, interpersonal communication shuts down

24

Catatonia

A state of psychologically induced immobilization at times interrupted by episodes of extreme agitation

25

Incongruent

The client’s affect does not correspond to the content of his/her speech

26

Idea of reference

The false impression that outside events have special meaning for oneself

27

Judgment

The ability to make logical, rational decisions

28

Mania

An unstable elevated mood in which delusions, poor judgment, and other signs of impaired reality testing are evident

29

Congruent

The client’s affect “matches” the content of his/her/speech

30

Blunted

Mild restriction in the range and intensity of emotional expression