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Flashcards in Terminology Deck (29):
1

Form

relates to the "formal" aspects (how art is made)

2

Composition

1. Elements of art
2. Principles of design

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Elements of Art

The elements of art are the fundamental properties with which every artist of any kind of visual piece has to grapple with.

4

Line

an identifiable path created by a point moving in space. It is one-dimensional and can vary in width, direction, and length. Lines often define the edges of a form. Lines can be horizontal, vertical, or diagonal, straight or curved, thick or thin. Lines define space, and may be visible or implied

5

Shape

a two- dimensional area that is defined in some way. It is closely related to line, and is often described ans an enclosed line. Shapes may be geometric

6

Color

an element of art with three properties: Hue, Saturation, and Value

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Hue

name of the color itself (primary, secondary, tertiary)

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Saturation/ intensity

brightness or dullness of a hue

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Value

degree of lightness/ darkness

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Contrast/ gradation of value

-Contrast of value separates objects in space
- gradation of value suggests mass and contour of a continuous surface

11

Complementary colors

colors directly opposite each other on a conventional color wheel. These are colors that are utterly dissimilar to each other, and at many points in art history are considered a kind of visual dissonance

12

Light

Closely related to color, light can e discussed in several ways: the illusion of light in a two-dimensional artwork

13

Texture

is the surface quality of an object in three-dimensional art, or the illusion of texture in two-dimensional art. Texture may be actual or simulated

14

Space

concerns where an object is situated and how it relates to its surroundings

15

Movement

may be actual movement, as in what are called kinetic sculptures

16

Repetition

one object or shape repeated

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Pattern

a combination of elements or shapes repeated in a recurring and regular arrangement

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rhythm

a combination of elements repeated, but with variations

19

Balance

a sense that the object or composition is stable; includes symmetrical and asymmetrical arrangement

20

Contrast

a distinct difference between elements of a form or composition, either visually or in subject matter

21

scale

the size of an object in relationship to another object, including the size relationship between the object and the human body

22

Proportion

the relative size and parts of a whole (elements within an object)

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Directional Force

paths created or implied within an artwork that lead the eye through the composition

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Unity

harmony, similar elements within an artwork, a sense of wholeness

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Variety

contrasting elements within the composition that add interest

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Emphasis

an area or object within the artwork that draws attention and becomes a focal point

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Subordination

the toning down of other composition elements in order to bring attention to the focal point

28

material

all the things the artist used to make the artwork as well as the medium

29

Technique

tells how the materials and media were applied