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Intro to Athletic Training > Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terminology Deck (20)
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1

Anatomy

The study of structures and form of the body of a human or animal.

2

Kinesiology

The scientific study of a human or animal body movement.

3

Physiology

The study of the normal function of living organisms and their parts.

4

Sports Medicine

A branch of medicine that deals with physical fitness and the treatment and prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise.

5

Range of Motion

The full movement or motion of a joint.

6

Active Range of Motion
(AROM)

Range of motion performed by the patient

7

Passive Range of Motion
(PROM)

Movement performed by the examiner while patient relaxes all muscles.

8

Anatomical Position

Standing upright, arms at sides, palms facing forward, feet flat on the floor, face straight ahead.

9

Flexion

Bending a point or decreasing angle between two bones.

10

Extension

Straightening a joint or increasing angle between two bones.

11

Adduction

Moving a body part toward the midline of the body

12

Abduction

Move a body part away from the midline of the body.

13

Eversion

Turning the sole of the foot outward away from midline of the body.

14

Inversion

Turning the sole of the foot inward toward the midline of the body.

15

Dorsiflexion

Ankle movement that brings the foot toward the shin,

16

Plantar Flexion

Ankle movement pointing the foot downward.

17

Horizontal Adduction

Moving the arm medially (inward) through a transverse (horizontal) plane.

18

Horizontal Abduction

Moving the arm laterally (outward) through a transverse (horizontal) plane.

19

Circumduction

Moving a joint in a circular motion (e.x. hip, shoulder, thumb)

20

Hyperextension

Excessive, forceful extension of a limb beyond normal limits.