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Flashcards in Terms Deck (94)
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1

A Love Supreme

an album released by John Coltrane's quartet with the style of a combination between hard bop and free jazz

2

alto saxophone

a very common type of saxophone that is bigger than the soprano but smaller than the tenor

3

arco

the technique of playing a stringed instrument with a bow

4

avant-garde

improvisation not tied to any progression of chords that was agreed upon before the performance; also called free jazz

5

bar

a segment of time given by a designated number of beats

6

bebop

the style associated with Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Thelonious Monk, Bud Powell, Dexter Gordon and Sonny Stitt

7

big band era

a period of time generally associated with swing with an excess of big bands (jazz bands with ten or more people)

8

Birdland

a fusion hit by Joe Zawinul from Weather Report

9

Birth of the Cool

Miles Davis' famous album that some consider to mark the beginning of the cool jazz era

10

Bitches Brew

Miles Davis fusion album, which was his first that went gold

11

blue notes

a pitch somewhere between a major third and minor third or between a major seventh and minor seventh step of the scale

12

blues

a simple, funky style of black music separate but coexistent with jazz

13

bongos

a set of two drums of different sizes

14

brass bands

a form of band characterized by its African and New Orleans influence that has a high concentration of brass instruments

15

bridge

a contrasting section of music that prepares for the return of the original section of music: the B in A-A-B-A form

16

call-and-response

one member or section of a band offers a musical phrase that another member or section answers by playing a corresponding musical phrase

17

Chameleon

a funky composition performed by Herbie Hancock

18

chord progression

when one chord changes or "progresses" to another

19

chorus

a single playing of the structure being used to organize the music in an improvisation

20

Coltrane's Classic Quartet

Coltrane's most famous group consisting of himself, Mccoy Tyner (piano), Elvin Jone (drums), and Jimmy Garrison (bass)

21

comping

syncopated chording which provides improvised accompaniment for simulraneously improvised solos, flexibly complementing the rhythms and implied harmonies of the solo line

22

conga drum

a tall, narrow, and single-headed drum

23

contemporary jazz

music associated with the modern, smooth form of jazz

24

cool jazz

a modern, post-WWII style of jazz that is often characterized by its relaxed melodies and Miles Davis

25

cornet

a trumpet-like instrument that has a mellower sound and is more compact than a trumpet; originally popularized by Bix Beiderbecke

26

Creoles of Color

blacks with little to no white ancestry

27

cup mute

a mute for horns that attach to the end of the horn

28

double time

the feeling that a piece of music of a player is going twice as fast as the original tempo, although the chord progression continues at a normal rate

29

form

the overall structure or plan of a piece of music (AABA, AABB, etc.)

30

free jazz- term

an approach associated with Ornette Coleman and Cecil Taylor, in which the music contains improvised solos which are free of preset chord progressions, and sometimes also free of preset meter