Flashcards in Terms Deck (38)
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1

aortic valve

between left ventricle and ascending aorta

2

pulmonary valve

entrance to the pulmonary trunk from the right ventricle

3

mitral (bicuspid) valve

between the left atrium and left ventricle

4

tricuspid valve

three-segmented valve that keeps blood in the right ventricle from flowing back into the right atrium

5

sphygmomanometer

device used for measuring blood pressure

6

triglycerides

a form of fat in the blood

7

aneurysm

ballooning of a weakened portion of an arterial wall

8

ischemia

a condition of deficient blood flow due to constriction or obstruction of a blood vessel

9

cerebrovascular accident

stroke; interruption of blood supply to a region of the brain

10

transient ischemic attack

short lasting interruption of blood to the brain

11

blood

fluid made up of plasma and formed elements (cells)

12

plasma

liquid portion of blood in which cells are suspended

13

serum

liquid portion of blood without the clotting factors

14

dyscrasia

abnormal or pathological condition of the blood

15

Hodgkin disease

malignant disorder of lymphatic tissue

16

plasmapheresis

separation and removal of the plasma portion of blood

17

borborygmus

audible sound produces by intestine

18

deglutition

swallowing

19

eructation

belching

20

peristalsis

wavelike contractions that move food in digestive tract

21

caries

decay of bone or tooth

22

cirrhosis

chronic disease of the liver with gradual destruction of cells and formation of scar tissue

23

Crohn disease

chronic inflammation of intestinal tract; cobblestone erosions and scar tissue

24

hemorrhoids

swollen or distended veins in the rectal area

25

melena

black, tar-like stool that contains digested blood

26

polyp

tumor-like growth on mucous membrane (usually benign)

27

ulcer

eroded sore

28

gavage

instilling nutrients into the stomach through a tube

29

lavage

washing out of the stomach

30

infarction

local area of necrosis of tissue from interrupted blood flow