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Flashcards in Terms Deck (31)
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1

Ascites

Accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity increase ur technique pg 204-205

2

Hiatal hernia

Pg 166 diaphragm isn't strong enough to keep stomach down & stomach keeps pushing up.

3

Esophageal atresia

Tube is ballooned has out-pouching pg

4

Diverticulosis

Pg 187 Colonic diverticula are out-pouching herniation of mucosia. Inflammation in the diverticula.

5

Achalasia

Pg168 obstruction of distal esophagus with proximal dilation.

6

Esophageal varices

Cobble stone appearance when veins in the wall of the esophagus are dilated commonly from chronic alcoholism pg 165

7

Esophagitis

Pg 159 reflux gurds gastric acid comes back up into esophagus.

8

Gastritis

Pg 171 inflammation of the stomach ...can be caused by alcohol, corrosive agents, and infection. Thickening of rival in stomach

9

Peptic ulcer disease

Inflammatory processes in duodenum/stomach bc of acid and enzyme pepsin secreted by the stomach pg 172

10

Pyloric stenosis

pg 171 infantile hypertrophic (IHPS) 2 layers of pylorus became hyperplasic and hypertrophic

11

Crohn's disease

Small/large bowel chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown cause in terminal area of ileum pg 176

12

Bowel obstruction

Pg179 fibrous adhesions from previous sx or peritonitis ...75% obstruction

13

Diverticulitis

Pg 187 disease of the colon inflames diverticula especially in the sigmoid

14

Ulcerative colitis

Pg188 inflammatory bowel disease found In young adults

15

Polycyclic kidneys

Inherited disorder multiple cysts that enlarge kidneys pg 239

16

Hydronephrosis

Dilation of entire pelvicalyceal blocking urine from getting out pg 238

17

Horseshoe kidney

Lower pole fusion "U" shaped pg 224

18

Ectopic kidney

2nd kidney is in another area of abdominal cavity . Pg

19

Pyelonephritis

pg 227 inflamed kidney and renal pelvis caused by (pus) bacteria

20

Renal agenesis

Only 1 kidney

21

Hypoplastic kidney

One kidney is smaller

22

Glomerulonephritis

Pg 225 inflammatory ...invoking the tufts of the capillaries that filter the blood within the kidneys

23

Papillary neurosis

The papillae becomes infected

24

Cystitis

Pg 231 inflammation of bladder bc a short urethra

25

Urinary obstruction

Commonly on right side, bc of mass, stone or baby this obstructs urinary tract. Pg237

26

Angio polycystic kidney

Pg 240-241

27

Renal carcinoma

Kidney cancer older than 40 often with painless hematuria pg 241

28

Wilms tumor (nephroblastoma)

Abdominal neoplasm of infants and childhood

29

Carcinoma of the bladder

Older men cancer of the bladder pg 245

30

Chronic renal failure

Pg 249 dysfunction may reflect pre renal / post renal or intrinsic kidney disease kidney shrinks