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Flashcards in Terms Deck (29)
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1

Osteology

the study of bones

2

Odontology

the study of teeth

3

Element

a single bone

4

Feature

distinguishing characteristic of a bone

5

Landmark

areas or features used for measurements, aging, or sexing

6

Axial skeleton

thorax, ribs, vertebrae, skull
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8b/Axial_skeleton_diagram.svg/1200px-Axial_skeleton_diagram.svg.png

7

Appendicular skeleton

arms, shoulders, legs, pelvis
https://www.google.com/search?tbm=isch&q=appendicular+skeleton+simple&spell=1&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjd5JXMrvbVAhXqxlQKHYuBCHAQvwUIIygA&biw=1440&bih=706&dpr=1#imgrc=gfz7Zuj_AdmSvM:

8

Cranial

skull

9

Post-cranial

everything else

10

Anterior (ventral)

front

11

Posterior (dorsal)

back

12

Superior

top

13

Inferior

bottom

14

Proximal

close

15

Distal

away

16

Medial

close to the middle of the body

17

Lateral

away from the mid line

18

Sagittal plane

cut in half straight down the middle

19

Coronal plane

cut in half horizontally

20

Transverse plane

cut in half at the waist

21

Foramen

a hole or opening in bone for transmission of ligaments, blood vessels, and nerves

22

Fossa

a pit, depression or concavity in or on a bone

23

Cavity

an open area within a bone or formed by one or more bones

24

Meatus

an elongated, tube-like passageway, a canal

25

Sulcus

a groove or furrow

26

Facet

small smooth area on bone or tooth created by wear or serving as a point of contact with bone or other tooth

27

Process

a general term describing any marked eminence on a bone; something that sticks out

28

Tuberosity

a robust elevation or protuberance; a large process or eminence

29

Tubercle

a nodule or small eminence on a bone or tooth; a small process or eminence