Flashcards in Terms and Definitions (Year 11) Deck (23):
a comparison of two things that are basically dissimilar in whihc one is described in terms of the other.
a conscious understatement that achieves the opposite effect of the words themselves
a discrepancy between what is said and what is really mean: sarcasm
a particular kind of speech used by a group becasue of its geographical location or class.
a perception of inconsistency, sometimes humourous
a short quotation that appears in front of a poem, a book, or a chapter, explaining somethng about what follows
a statement that is self-contradictory on its surface , yet makes a point through the juxtaposition of words and ideas within the paradox eg "All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others." Animal Farm - G Orwell
Frame narrative or frame story
a story that has another story or stories within it.
a story that represents abstract ideas or moral qualities. An allegory has both a literal and symbolic level of meaning.
an expression that achieves emphasis or humour by utilising two distinctly different meanings for the same word or similar sounding words.
an object, person, or place that has a meaning in itself and that also stands for something larger than itself, usually an idea or concept; some concrete thing which represents an abstraction
combining tow or more literary terms in such a way that the meaning is ridiculous, impossible or incorrect eg The athlete sailed down the road of life without missing a step.
fiction that makes no attempt to disguise itself as factual; a fiction that comments on its actually being fiction.
motif and visual motif
any recurring element that has symbolic significance in a story. Through its repetition, a motif can help produce toehr narrative (or literary)aspects such as theme or mood.
giving the characteristics of a human to an animal
the audience knows more about a character's situation than the character does.
the deliberate use of words to create an impossible situation or mixed metaphor eg: "My Father bleeds history."
the intrusion of humour interrupting or immediately following a scene of great excitement.eg: drunk porter following the killing of King Duncan in Macbeth
the placement of two dissimilar items, people, thoughts, places etc next to each other to emphasis the differences and heighten the similarities.
the repetition of similarly constructed phrases, clauses or sentences within a short section eg: Government of the people. for the people, by the people.
the shaping of text's meanings through the reference to other texts; where a text refers to or alludes to another text eg: The Simpsons constantly refers to literary and contemporary texts
the use of a naive hero, whose incorrect perceptions differ from the the audience's correct ones.