Terms and Definitions (Year 11) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Terms and Definitions (Year 11) Deck (23):
1

Metaphor

a comparison of two things that are basically dissimilar in whihc one is described in terms of the other.

2

Litotes

a conscious understatement that achieves the opposite effect of the words themselves

3

verbal irony

a discrepancy between what is said and what is really mean: sarcasm

4

dialect

a particular kind of speech used by a group becasue of its geographical location or class.

5

irony

a perception of inconsistency, sometimes humourous

6

epigraph

a short quotation that appears in front of a poem, a book, or a chapter, explaining somethng about what follows

7

paradox

a statement that is self-contradictory on its surface , yet makes a point through the juxtaposition of words and ideas within the paradox eg "All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others." Animal Farm - G Orwell

8

Frame narrative or frame story

a story that has another story or stories within it.

9

Allegory

a story that represents abstract ideas or moral qualities. An allegory has both a literal and symbolic level of meaning.

10

pun

an expression that achieves emphasis or humour by utilising two distinctly different meanings for the same word or similar sounding words.

11

symbol

an object, person, or place that has a meaning in itself and that also stands for something larger than itself, usually an idea or concept; some concrete thing which represents an abstraction

12

mixed metaphor

combining tow or more literary terms in such a way that the meaning is ridiculous, impossible or incorrect eg The athlete sailed down the road of life without missing a step.

13

metafiction

fiction that makes no attempt to disguise itself as factual; a fiction that comments on its actually being fiction.

14

motif and visual motif

any recurring element that has symbolic significance in a story. Through its repetition, a motif can help produce toehr narrative (or literary)aspects such as theme or mood.

15

anthropomorphism

giving the characteristics of a human to an animal

16

dramatic irony

the audience knows more about a character's situation than the character does.

17

catachresis

the deliberate use of words to create an impossible situation or mixed metaphor eg: "My Father bleeds history."

18

comic relief

the intrusion of humour interrupting or immediately following a scene of great excitement.eg: drunk porter following the killing of King Duncan in Macbeth

19

juxtaposition

the placement of two dissimilar items, people, thoughts, places etc next to each other to emphasis the differences and heighten the similarities.

20

parallelism

the repetition of similarly constructed phrases, clauses or sentences within a short section eg: Government of the people. for the people, by the people.

21

intertextuality

the shaping of text's meanings through the reference to other texts; where a text refers to or alludes to another text eg: The Simpsons constantly refers to literary and contemporary texts

22

structural irony

the use of a naive hero, whose incorrect perceptions differ from the the audience's correct ones.

23

foreshadowing

the use of hints or clues in a story to suggest what action is to come.