General Visual Techniques Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in General Visual Techniques Deck (12):
1

Positioning

Consider which objects have been placed in the foreground, middle ground or background.

2

Rule of thirds

Divide an image into thirds from the top and sides and look at the placement of people and/or objects. An object in the top third is usually empowered whereas anything in the bottom third is disempowered.

3

Body language and gaze

Facial expressions, gestures, stance or position – can convey the attitude, feelings or personality of the individual shown. Take note of the direction of the subject’s eyes.

4

Colour, hue and tone

In black & white images examine the use of contrast, light and darkness. In a colour image, colours are used to signify feelings and evoke a response. E.g. Red = passion, anger, hell, vitality, etc. blue = peace, harmony or coldness.

5

Orientation, Point of View

Relates to framing and angle: is the responder positioned above the image (looking down), below or at eye level?

6

Contrast

The arrangement of opposite elements (light and dark, large and small, rough and smooth) to create interest, excitement or drama.

7

Vectors

The line that our eyes take when looking at a visual. Composers deliberately direct our reading path through the vectors. E.g. If all of the subjects are tall, long and upright our eyes follow straight vectors that lead to the top of the frame. This could make the subject seem powerful or inflexible.

8

Salience

The part that your eyes are first drawn to in the visual. Colour, image and layout determine what the salient image is.

9

Framing

The same camera shots and angles relevant to film. Close ups, extreme close ups, medium shots, long shots, tilted up or down shots etc.

10

Symbolism

The use of an image to represent one or more (often complex) ideas.

11

Omissions

What has been deliberately left out.

12

Composition

What is included is deliberately placed (also applies to what is omitted). Consider all inclusions and omissions e.g. surroundings, objects, clothing etc.