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Flashcards in Terms for AP Deck (62)
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1

Extending a metaphor through an entire narrative

Allegory

2

Talking to or addressing an inanimate object

apostrophe

3

A heavy exaggeration

hyperbole

4

The opposite of what you would think

irony

5

Comparison between two unlike things without using like or as

metaphor

6

when a word that means something that is whole is used to represent a group or person. "The white house issued a statement"

metonymy

7

The use of words that imitate sounds

onomatopoeia

8

two words connected that contradict each other

oxymoron

9

human qualities assigned to non-living things

personification

10

A play on words

pun

11

question not meant to be answered, but pondered

rhetorical question

12

trope in which a part stands for a whole or vice versa. "All hands on deck!"

synecdoche

13

artful diction

tropes

14

repetition of an initial consonant sound

alliteration

15

when the same word or phrase is repeated at the beginning of successive sentences

anaphora

16

parallel structure, second half is in reverse order

antimetabole

17

balanced parallel construction with opposing ideas

antithesis

18

No conjunctions

asyndeton

19

identical constructions in corresponding phrases or clauses

parallelism

20

multiple coordinating conjunctions

polysyndeton

21

One word has multiple meanings in one use (can be literal and figurative)

Zeugma

22

Artful syntax

Schemes

23

The noun or noun phrase that a pronoun refers to

antecedent

24

The placement side-by-side of two coordinate elements- the second renames the first

appositive

25

A group of words that can stand alone

clause

26

two independent clauses joined by a coordinator

compound sentence

27

independent clause with one or more dependent clauses

complex sentence

28

a sentence having two or more coordinate independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses.

compound-complex sentence

29

combines short independent clauses into a sentence

coordination

30

An independent clause followed by a series of subordinate constructions

cumulative sentence