Terms Test #2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Terms Test #2 Deck (36):
1

Ambarvalia

an archaic celebration of the crops and Dea Dia

2

Ara Pacis

Augustus completed and and dedicated the Altar, visual tribute to Augustan social programs and the pax romana. Made of white Marble with intricate carved refliefs

3

Ariminium

Arch of Augustus at Rimini (Ariminium)

4

Arval Brethren

an ancient religious society that led the people each year in the Ambarvalia

5

Auxilium

to give aid to fellow plebians and their property was traditionally a key function for the tribunes to perform

6

Colonia

Colony or settlement, founded to settle discharged veterans, at the top of the hierarchy, many were exempt from taxes

7

Dea Dia

Goddess of the Fields

8

Delatores

a class of informers who turned in those in contravention of the laws

9

Destinatio

provision for control of popular assemblies

10

Fasces

Bundle of rods surmounted by an ax-head carried by official attendants before a Roman magistrate as a symbol of his authority

11

Genius

Augustus connected the worship of the Lares to the worship of the Genius of him. His protective spirit that guarded the individual worshiper and promoted their well-being

12

Imperial province

military provinces with legions, controlled by the emperor

13

Imperium maius

Supreme authority of emperors, specifically made maius, “greater”, so that it outranked that of all other holders, gave control of the armies of all the provinces

14

Julio-Claudians

Line of emperors, descended from the Julian and Claudian families, ruling starting with Augustus

15

Junian Latins

Individuals with Intermediate Latin status between slave and freedman with limited rights could not receive inheritances or legacies and could not make wills. Children of Junian Latins had full Latin status – with the right of conubium with a Roman citizen

16

Lares

Household or family god, usually worshiped at domestic shrines

17

Legate

Governor chosen by emperor to govern imperial province

18

Lictors

Official attendant who escorted and assisted a Roman Magistrate by carrying the Faces in front of him

19

Ludi Saeculares

Augustus re-instituted, a public religious thanksgiving and expiation ceremony celebrated with public games, women and children were encouraged to participate, celebration of family values

20

Municipium

Descriptive term for the legal status of an autonomous city located in Roman territory, but governed by it’s own laws and city council, while obligated to assist Rome as an ally. 2nd in the hierarchy, provincial towns whose population were given blanket citizenship

21

Numen

In 14 AD Tiberius dedicated an altar to the Numen Augusti, which was the deified spirit of Augustus

22

Pater Patriae

a special title awarded to an individual for extraordinary service to the state. Bestowed on Augustus 2 BC, almost all subsequent emperors took it, with an exception to Tiberius. Role of father of the state and power over the Roman citizens.

23

Pax Romana

Long period of general peace of Rome

24

Pietas

piety/ loyalty the most important trait for Romans

25

Potestas tribunicia

giving Octavian civil authority and the power to initiate legislation

26

Praetorian Guard/Praetorians

Elite military force formed to serve as the emperor’s bodyguard, Augustus instituted it. Comprised of 9 infantry cohorts, 3 in Rome, 6 in various other towns. Mandated to keep order and the protect the body of the emperor and his family, cherished and influential in the imperial court, no active service unless the emperor campaigned

27

Prefect

equestrian governor of Egypt

28

Princeps

First Leader of the Senate

29

Principate

the descriptive term for the two and a half centuries during which the ideal of his nonauthoritarian style of rule was maintained

30

Proconsul

ex-consul who, at the end of his term in office, accepts an assignment that continues, or prorogues, his magistrate’s authority for a set period. Chosen by senate to govern senatorial province

31

Procurator

an individual appointed by the emperor to manage property or to represent him in court. Special imperial agents in the provinces as governors they were called prefects

32

Res Gestae

the deeds of the divine Augustus, first-person account of Augustus’ successes

33

Senatorial province

Octavian renounced all of his powers and handed over his provinces to the senate, placing them at the free disposal of the senate and the Roman people. Provinces governed by the senate and by magistrates who would be chosen by and responsible to the senate. Unarmed controlled by the senate

34

Severi Augustales

looked after the Italian towns’ Cult of Lares

35

Subject stipendiary

lowest on the hierarchy of cities, subject allies

36

Vicomagistri

Supervised worship of the cult of the Lares, freedmen