Terms to use for IOC: literature Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Terms to use for IOC: literature Deck (53):
1

Figurative language

language that is symbolic or metaphorical and not meant to be taken literally

2

Pathos

the effect in literature which makes the reader feel sadness or pity

3

Atmosphere

the prevailing mood created by a piece of writing

4

Metonymy

the substitution of a word which relates to the object or person to be named in place of the name itself

(not part of the whole)
(the SERPENT lied to me)

5

tone

a literary technique created through the combined effects of a number of features, such as diction, syntax, rhythm, etc

6

Catharsis

a purging of the emotions which takes place at the end of a tragedy

7

allusion

a reference to an outside fact, event or another source

8

epigraph

a short quotation or saying at the beginning of a book or chapter, intended to suggest its theme

9

simile

a figure of speech which makes a direct comparison of two unlike objects, using the works like or as

10

Antithesis

contrasting ideas or words that are balanced against each other

11

Conceit

an extended metaphor, used to create a powerful effect

12

parallelism

the balance in one or more sentences that are grammatically identical

(ex: the -ing, -ing, -ing)

13

Diction

the choice of words that a writer makes

14

symbolism

the use of one object to suggest another, hidden object/idea

15

Ambivalence

indicates more than one possible attitude is being displayed by the writer towards a character, theme, or idea, etc

16

in medias res

middle of a narrative

17

Cliché

a phrase, idea, or image that has been used so much that it has lost much of its original meaning, impact, and freshness

18

Motif

a dominant theme, subject, or idea which runs through a piece of literature

19

leitmotif

a repeating theme associated with a person, idea or situation

20

paradox

a seemingly self-contradictory statement that underlines a basis of truth

21

aside

character's dialogue that is not heard by others

22

hyperbole

an exaggeration/overstatement for effect

23

epiphany

when a character receives sudden insight

24

epilogue

a conclusion

25

jargon

use of specific phrases in a particular situation/profession for conveying hidden meanings understood in that situation/profession

26

Ambiguity

use of language where the meaning is unclear or has two or more possible interpretations or meanings

27

tragedy

hero falls because of a tragic flaw

28

Denouement

the ending of a play, novel, or drama where 'all is revealed' and the plot is unraveled

29

Soliloquy

a speech in which a character, alone on stage, expresses his or her thoughts and feelings aloud for the benefit of the audience, often in a revealing way

30

personification

giving objects/animals human qualities

31

apostrophe

an address to a person or personified object not present (or dead)

(Oh sun, please shine on my flowers)

32

ellipsis

the omission of word(s) that are significant/necessary in a sentence

series of dots

33

Lament

a poem expressing intense grief

34

Allegory

a story or narrative, often told at some length, which has a deeper meaning below the surface

35

Dramatic monologue

a poem or prose piece in which a character addresses an audience

36

enjambement

a run-on line, continuing into the next without a grammatical break
(no comma at the end of a line)

37

imagery

the use of words to represent things/actions/ideas by sensory description

38

dues ex machina

God's hand/unexcepted force changes a seemingly hopeless situation

39

Caricature

a character described through the exaggeration of a small number of features that he or she possesses

40

irony

the contrast between actual meaning and another meaning

verbal: oral
dramatic: audience knowledge vs character knowledge
situational: unexpected outcome of a situation

41

description

text that explains/describes something to help the reader visualize it

42

Connotation

an implication or association attached to a word or phrase

43

Euphemism

expressing an unpleasant or unsavory idea in a less blunt and more pleasant way

44

Theme

the central idea or ideas that the writer explores through a text

45

Synecdoche

a part of something represents the whole object/idea (unlike metonymy)

(the TONGUE lied to me)

46

Anachronism

something that is historically inaccurate

47

metaphor

a figure of speech which makes a direct comparison of unlike objects using identification or substitution

48

exposition

explanation of background information to the audience

49

oxymoron

contradictory terms used together to expressed a paradox for strong effect

50

Refrain

repetition throughout a poem of a phrase, line, or series of lines, as in the 'chorus' of a song

51

Colloquial

ordinary, everyday speech and language

52

Syntax

the way in which sentences are structured

53

Style

the individual way in which a writer has used language to express his or her ideas