Terms to use for IOC: poetry Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Terms to use for IOC: poetry Deck (68):
1

Metonymy

the substitution of a word which relates to the object or person to be named in place of the name itself

(not part of the whole)
(the SERPENT lied to me)

2

Blank verse

unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter

(ex: Mending Wall)

3

hyperbole

an exaggeration/overstatement for effect

4

symbolism

the use of one object to suggest another, hidden object/idea

5

Sonnet

a rigid 14-line verse form, with variable structure/rhyme scheme, according to type:

6

Euphemism

expressing an unpleasant or unsavory idea in a less blunt and more pleasant way

7

persona

the character/speaker in a first-person poem

8

enjambement

a run-on line, continuing into the next without a grammatical break
(no comma at the end of a line)

9

simile

a figure of speech which makes a direct comparison of two unlike objects, using the works like or as

10

Septet

stanza with 7 lines

11

End Stopping

a verse line with a pause or a stop at the end of it

12

oxymoron

contradictory terms used together to expressed a paradox for strong effect

13

Spenserian sonnet

abab bcbc cdcd ee (LINKING rhyme scheme)

similar to Shakespearean

14

Synecdoche

a part of something represents the whole object/idea (unlike metonymy)

(the TONGUE lied to me)

15

imagery

the use of words to represent things/actions/ideas by sensory description

16

Ambivalence

indicates more than one possible attitude is being displayed by the writer towards a character, theme, or idea, etc

17

Conceit

an extended metaphor, used to create a powerful effect

18

Diction

the choice of words that a writer makes

19

Cinquain

stanza with 5 lines

20

Sestet

stanza with 6 lines

21

Couplet

stanza with 2 lines

22

Pentameter

Line with 5 feet

23

x-lined stanza

stanza with 9 (or more) lines

24

terza rima

a poem that uses three-lined stanzas and chain rhyme (aba, bcb, cdc, etc)

an Italian form of writing

25

vers libre

another word for free verse

26

Assonance

repetition of two or more vowel sounds in a line

27

Rhyme

repetition of like sounds at regular intervals

28

Theme

the central idea or ideas that the writer explores through a text

29

Tercet

stanza with 3 lines

30

Tetrameter

Line with 4 feet

31

Trochaic

STRESSED-unstressed (2 syllables = 1 foot)

32

Consonance

repetition of two or more consonant sounds within a line

33

Connotation

an implication or association attached to a word or phrase

34

Free Verse

unrhymed lines without regular rhythm

(ex: Plath)

35

Spondaic

STRESSED-STRESSED (2 syllables = 1 foot)

36

Monometer

Line with one foot

37

Anapestic

unstressed-unstressed-STRESSED (3 syllables = 1 foot)

38

Iambic

unstressed-STRESSED (2 syllables = 1 foot)

39

Feminine rhyme

rhyme in which 2 consecutive syllables of rhyming words correspond, the 1st syllable carrying the accent; double rhyme

(ex: dying and flying)

40

tone

a literary technique created through the combined effects of a number of features, such as diction, syntax, rhythm, etc

41

Internal rhyme

rhyme contained with a line of verse (2 rhyming words in one line)

42

Narrative

nondramatic, objective verse with regular rhyme scheme and meter which relates a story

43

Quatrain

stanza with 4 lines

44

Dramatic monologue

a lyric poem in which the speaker tells a story about themself, revealing their character

45

Meter

rhythm in poetry
the pattern of stressed/unstressed syllables
measured in unites of feet

46

Ambiguity

use of language where the meaning is unclear or has two or more possible interpretations or meanings

47

parallelism

the balance in one or more sentences that are grammatically identical

(ex: the -ing, -ing, -ing)

48

apostrophe

an address to a person or personified object not present (or dead)

(Oh sun, please shine on my flowers)

49

allusion

a reference to an outside fact, event or another source

50

Dactyllic

STRESSED-unstressed-unstressed (3 syllables = 1 foot)

51

personification

giving objects/animals human qualities

52

Scansion

the analysis of a poem to determine meter (basically slashing, checking syllables and then counting)

53

Shakespearean/English sonnet

abab cdcd efef gg (or abba...) rhyme scheme and iambic pentameter

rhyme sheme is 3 quatrains and concluding couplet

54

Octet (octave)

stanza with 8 lines

55

Pun

a play on words that have similar sounds but quite different meanings

56

jargon

use of specific phrases in a particular situation/profession for conveying hidden meanings understood in that situation/profession

57

metaphor

a figure of speech which makes a direct comparison of unlike objects using identification or substitution

58

Onomatopoeia

use of a word whose sound suggests its meaning

59

End rhyme

rhyme occurring at the end of verse lines; most common

60

Masculine rhyme

rhyme in which only the last, accented syllable of the rhyming words correspond exactly in sound

most common end rhyme

(ex: eyes and denies)

61

Alliteration

repetition of two or more initial sounds (usually consonants) of words in a line

62

Atmosphere

the prevailing mood created by a piece of writing

63

Lyric

subjective, reflective poetry with regular rhyme scheme and meter which reveals the poet's thoughts and feelings to create a single, unique impression

64

Style

the individual way in which a writer has used language to express his or her ideas

65

Elegy

a poem of lament, mediating about death of an individual

66

Rhyme scheme

The pattern of rhymes, represented by a letter (abab)

67

Stanzas

a group of lines

68

Dactyl

another word for foot in a poetic meter