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1

Woman from Willendorf

Paleolithic

Limestone

 

Fits in your had due to being a nomadic society

Made during a time survival was main concern

Self-portrait of pregnant woman when viewed from top

 

 

2

Wall Painting with Horses, Rhinoceroses and Aurochs

Paleolithic

 

Main concern of people is survival

People are hunter gatherers

People art nomadic

No farming or domesticated animals

Style is naturalistic

Natural minerals binded with spit or fat

 

 

3

Bird Headed Man with Bison

Paleolithic

Paint on limestone

 

Human is depicted which is unusual

Human is simplified or stylized

Image is narrative

Possibly the vision of a shaman as a way to reach spirits

Not an easy area to reach

People took time out of survial to make paintings

4

Men Taunting a Deer

Neolithic

Wall Painting

 

Hunting scene of some sort of ritual

Narrative showing people interacting with animals

Society has begun agriculture and domestication of animals

Societies are begining, no longer nomadic

Image is stylized

5

Stonehenge

Salisbury Plain, England

Neolithic

 

Example of megalithic architecture

Built in three main stages

Place of the dead. Cremated remains found

Large stones made of sarsen-sandstone

Small stones made of bluestone

Bluestone is from the ancestial origin of builders

6

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Stele of Naram-sin

Ancient Near East

Limestone

 

Example of hierarchic scale. Naramsin is larger than others to show he's king.

Horns of helmet represents gods

He is highest up and closest to the dieties

Stele commemorates defeat of the Lullibi people

A propoganda tool to be a symbol of devine authority

Captured as a spoil of war when society fell

Cuneiform added after its capture

Suns represents deities

7

Stele of Hammurabi

Ancient Near East

Diorite

 

Written in Babylonian cunneiform

Shows about 300 laws, mostly representing property issues

About 78 laws about social issues

About 20 laws about physical assault

Figures shown in hierarchic scale

Figure on left is Hammurabi

Figure on right is Shamash the sun god and god of justice

Bodies in composite view

Shamash is handing the tools of justice to Hammurabi

8

Assurnasirpal II Killing Lions

Ancient Near East

Alabaster

 

Shows king hunting and killing lions in a controlled environment

Placed on walls leading to the throne room to show the power of the king and his ability to pretect his people

Image is a narrative

Animals done in naturalistic style

Shows the power of the king as only kings are allowed to kill lions

9

Guardian Lamassu figures

Ancient Near East

Limestone

 

Protective guardian diety with lion's body, eagle's wings, and human head and inscribed with cunneiform

Symbol of power placed at entrances to a city or palace and carved into the gate's arches

Has five legs so that from the front it appears to be standing and from the side it appears to be walking

Triple horn crown on the head show that it is a diety

Animal body parts are stylized

 

 

10

Votive Figures

Ancient Near East

Limestone and other materials

 

Places in temple to be shown as a donor as well as showing devotion to the god

Statue acts as a stand in for the person's wishes

Wide eyes show absolute devotion to the diety

Holding vessels to represent the ritual pouring of liquids

Stylized and simplified form of a human

11

Nanna Ziggurat

Ancient Near East

Ur (Modern day Iraq)

 

Nelieved to have a shrine or tmple on top

Temple on top to be closer to the deities

No surviving temple found

Zuggurat means height or pinnacle

Functions as a symbol of power

Solid core of mud brick

 

 

 

 

 

12

Bull Lyre

Ancient Near East

Wood, gold, lapus lazuli, shell

 

13 inch panel and 14 inch bull head

Found in a royal gravesite

Register panels made of shell inlayed with bitumen possibly showing the Epic of Gilgamesh

Animals seen as guardians of the gateway to the afterlife

Bull's head made of gold and lapus lazuli

At this time, animals in art was always used as symbols of metaphors