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Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (12)
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feudalism

In medieval Europe, a system in which land was owned by lords but held by vassals in return for their loyalty

1

absolutism

Centralized and unlimited government power

2

Crusades

Religious wars in which Christian soldiers from Europe aimed to stop the spread of Islam and to retake control of Palestine, also called the Holy Land.

3

Magna Carta

Document that limited the English king’s power

4

Black Death

The Black Death was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 75 to 200 million people and peaking in Europe in the years 1346–1353.

5

Johannes Gutenberg

Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg was a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to Europe.

6

Reformation

A religious movement in which calls for reform led to the emergence of non-Catholic, or Protestant, churches

7

Guilds

Association of people who have a common interest

8

Why was the invention of the Printing Press significant?

The printing press was important because now more books such as a bible could be printed and more people could get it and news could travel faster.

9

What factors led to a decline in feudalism?

Factors that led to a decline in feudal system were there were jobs based off rank including King, lords, knights, and peasants there was also improvement in farming and more migration.

10

How was farming production increased?

Farming was improved by gaining more land for crops. Farmers gained crop lands by draining swamps, destroying forests, along with making better horse collars. Now farmers could make more crops along with money.

11

How did the Black Death affect Medieval Europe?

The Black Death was a very serious deadly disease. The Black Death weakened population. The economics became worse along with life conditions. There were less workers which made workers work for extra money.