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Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (57)
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1

The boatman's dance

-Dan Emmett
-1843
-instruments: bones, banjo, fiddle
-European, mostly Irish performers

2

Old Folks at home

Stephan foster
1850
banjo

3

Jeanie with the light brown hair

-Foster’s sentimental “Irish” style, without any obvious references to minstrel images or stereotypes
-Stephan Foster
-1854
-AABA
-Flute, guitar, violen, chello
-Good for home entertainment

4

Vaudeville

Tony pastor's opera house
1865 in NY
previously know as volks garden
organized traveling minstrel show
1881 moved and established a new format: operettas alternate family oriented variety show
evolved into regional and nation circuits

5

Tin Pan Alley

1880s broadway in NYC
Publishers foced on pop music only
composed, printed, marketed and formulated songs

6

Charles Harris

first to sell sheet music

7

After the Ball

AABA
triple Meter
Verse (AABA) Chorus (Hook) - 3 long verses and a refrain
Sheet music
peeps realized pop music=money
Charles Harris
Waltz

8

Irving Berlin

Jewish contribution to pop music
1880s immigration wave from Russia
Immigrants find opportunity in entertainment industry
particularities of jewish immigrants: Culture of diaspora

9

Ragtime

"Ragging the Tune"- a rythmic and textual concept
pop dance, derived from cake walk (Plantation slaves making fun of whites)
-ragtime songs, marches and piano songs
1893 chicago worlds fair - exposure for rag

10

Scott Joplin

Published first piano rags in 1898

11

Maple Leaf Rag

-Scott Joplin
1898
-Sectional: AABBACCDDEE
*What elements of AF-AM? Rhythmic Contrast

12

James Reese Europe

Founded Clef Club dance orchestra in 1910
-Carnegie Hall Concerts
Dance bands for irene and vernon castle
Directed bands of AF-AM 395th infantry "Hell fighters"

13

Castle House Rag

Clef Club
brass, percussion, clarinets, chimes, violins, banjo
AABBACC

14

Early Jazz

New orleans as a culture onto itself
french territory
1763 ceded to spain
1803 lousiana purchase
-French culture, african influence, carribean influence, mexican musicans
brass band traditions

15

Tiger Rag

Original Dixieland jazz band 1918
instuments: Trumpets, trombone, clarinet, drums/percussion, banjo, bass

16

Dippermouth Blues

King Oliver's creole jazz band
1923
Louis armstrong
different from tiger rag b/c unlike sheet music recordings can convey improvisation, and subtleties of "feel"
12 bar blues
polyphonic w/ clarinet

17

West end blues

Louis armstrong
Jazz
1928
mainstreaming of jazz

18

My Blue Heaven

1927
Paul Whiteman (king of Jazz)
Tin pan alley style

19

Side By Side

1927
paul whiteman

20

Mammie Smith

"Crazy Blues" 1920 for okeh records
New era for black representation in pop music

21

Mama's got the blues

Blues
Race Records
Strophic, call and response with piano
-AAB text
12 bar harmonic progression
Tonic (I) Sub Dom (IV) Dominant (V)
-Women had sexually assertive roles, independent sexually and in terms of travel

22

St. Louis Blues

From movie 1929
Composed by W.C Handy (Father of the Blues)
-Louis Armstrong on Cornet--1st great star of blues
12 bar blues 8 bar/16 bar form
call and response w/ instrument
AAB text

23

Country Blues

Classic Blues commercial success inspires field recordings, search for “the source” in rural South in late 1920s. -men -guitarists (also harmonica) -solo performance
Relation of blues to other black music genres -dance music -field hollers, work songs -worship music (e.g. spirituals, shouts, moans)

24

Sophie Tucker

Jewish Vaudeville star, sang “blues

25

Ma Rainey

“Queen of the Blues” -b. in Columbus Georgia, 1886

26

Bessie Smith

“Empress of the Blues” -b.1888 in Tennessee -flamboyant personality and performing charisma -achieved movie fame, even after classic blues recordings were out

27

“Dark was the night”

Blind Willie Johnson
blues
-sorrow, articulation, ornamentation of blues, call and response with guitar

28

“Fixin to Die Blues,”

Bukka White
Blues
*musical form? Repeated riff, cyclical
*text form? aab
NO 12 bars

29

Robert Johnson

-fr. Mississippi, travelled a lot, died young-few recordings an inspiration for a lot of future blues guitaristsGuitar technique: -multi-voice (bass and chords both) -slide guitar, “bottleneck”

30

Cross Road Blues

-1936
*How is it similar and different compared to Classic blues?12-bar blues harmonic progression aab text form voice and instrument answer each other bluesy melody
DIFF:
-irregular meter
-solo performance
-guitar accompaniment