Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (61)
The bottle neck effect refers to the lack of diversity in human?
According to the recent studies by scientists, the FOXP2 gene related to speech development is ONLY found in modern human beings. T/F
The Lascaux Caves typically show how prehistoric people used caves for their daily life such as sleeping and cooking. T/F
. According to the relics of Catal Huyuk, more expandable square houses replaced circular houses because the community developed toward an ownership-centered family system. T/F
. At the beginning of the Bronze Age, most metal working was undertaken by slaves T/F
The Euphrates River was diverted to supply water to the city, Nippur. T/F
Beer was available in the ancient Sumerian city, Ur. T/F
Biblical texts of Western civilization include some myths of the Mesopotamian world. T/F
Among the following items, which was NOT found in Merit of Deir el Medina’s “beauty box”?
In ancient Egypt, for a man to bring a woman a bundle of his property meant his desire to move in with her, usually being the first step toward marriage. T/F
. Although Harappa enjoyed a highly sophisticated urban life, it did not have any drains or sewers. T/F
No female Goddess was worshiped in ancient Indian societies.
Among the following, which served as the ancient Athenians’ gathering place, the hub of their commercial, political, and social activities?
Hippodamus of Miletus’s city-planning theory of orderly, regular cities spread to the Romans. T/F
As a place of shame, a bordello (“house of assignation”) was never advertised in public in Ephesus. T/F
4 million years ago
two legs, brain size ape, 3'7''
discovered in awash valley of ethiopia.
Used but did not make tools
Homo erectus- "Turkana boy"
5'3'' by age of 8 complete skeleton, brain between human and chimp. 900cc
What were some thing that homo erectus could do-
could run more sustainable with less body hair,
Use diverse stone tools, could make tools.
Social networks- took care of old.( empathy and cooperation)
Neanderthals 50,000 years ago
modern human, 50,000 years ago.
stone tools: spears, arrows, harpoons,
lived in groups of 20-30 based on kinship
women were gathers men hunters.
rituals and artistic activities.
Venue Figurines / Jomon Venus-
showed feminine figures as sacred objects, showed reproduction
New stone age
Polished stone tools
Start of agriculture
gradual transformation from hunting/ gathering to agriculture. domestication of animals
specializations in crafts and start of trade
Catalhoyuk in Turkey-
Neolithic Era, Largest human community
12 cultivated products
Copper-first metal used in producing tools and weapons,
Bronze -combination of copper and tin,
transition period between neolithic and bronze age.
The First Civilizations
river valley civilizations,
mespotamia, egypt, india, china
5 traits of the first civilizations-
1. Urban revolution
2. political and military structures
4. economic specialization
5. Development of Writing
Iraq and Syria the Tigris and Euphraties River
Sumerian city states: Ur, uruk, Girsu, Nipper
Agriculture: einkhorn wheat
Conflicts over land and water
invasions from Arkadians
The Amorites(old babylonians)
king who made the 4 quarters of the world subservient. created the code of hammurabi, set of laws.
Egyptian Civilization (=the Nile Valley Civilization)
Nile flows 4000 miles, ruled by pharroh capital was memphis. had canals, dams, irrigation ditches.
Opotimistic view on the world.
Wedge shaped system of writing
Upper southern egypt-
lower northern -
narrow valley of the nile
first dynasty make up the two
King of Egypt, commands vast wealth,chosen by the gods. mediator between the gods and people
tomb for kings and queens, means "Great House" showed power and wealth
The 18th Dynasty (Egypt)
renewed the vigor, foreign expansion. Era of the new kingdom- height of power. Held the tomb of Tutankhamun.
Deir el Medina
village of artisans working on tombs in the valley of the kings.
Indus Valley Civilization-
India as a continent, hymilian mountains, ganges river (holy river)
Major cities: Harappa, Monhenjo-Daro,
had abundant rainfall,
writing system was pictographic symbols
divinatory records inscribed on turtle shells, the earlist known form of chinese writing.
Ancestral worship in Shang religion and political culture.
The Persian Empire
the classical era,
Nomadic organised into tribes, unified by Cyrus the great starting the Achaemenid dynasty.
yellow river civilization-
early agriculture, xia dynasty and shang dynsaty, yellow river and southern coast.
Cyrus the Great-
persians viewed him as father,
known for wisdom and compassion in conquest- allowed people to keep their religion.
unified the tribes of persia conquered media, western asia and babylon.
City of persians, the closest city to the identity of the persians. destroyed in 330 BCE. one of 5 royal capitals
zoroaster- a semi legendary figure,
Emphasis on a struggle between good and evil, final judgement on souls. impact on christianity.
supreme being- goodness, light, truth
The ancient Greek Civilization-
mostly settled by non greeks,
The dark"middle" age
on the Aegean.
colonization of the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Evolution of the Polis
an autonomous unit of political, social, and religious activities.
"city state" many were towns or villages. the largest was Athens
The Greco-Persian War (5th century BCE)
conflict with the persian empire,
beginning of the classical period.
persia invaded greece, led by zerxes.
King of the Persians who invaded greece.
greek historian who wrote about the persians
Authoritarian military state, with slaves led my leonitis .
Democracy of Athens-
Alliance of greece under the leadership of athens.
Development of democratic system.
4 things in the Athenian democratic system-
lowerclass could hold office
a board of 10 officials
preventing dictatorship of generals.
The Great Peloponnesian Wars
war between Sparta and Athens, basically destroyed each other but Athens was defeated. Destroyed the possibility of cooperation among greek states.
The Olympic Games
religious and athletic festivals every 4 years. Suspension of conflicts. only males competed.
a buffer between the greek states and barbarian tribes.
Same as greeks but semi barabric.
Lacked money, constantly warring, internal strife.
Alexander the Great-
Conqueror who led the greeks against the persians and conquered all the way to india. Became king of the persians. Died of posin from white hellebore.
Mixture of greek and non greek culture.
Development of urban cities.
cultural and intellectual accomplishments by seperation of science from philosophy, development in math and astronomy.