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Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (59):
1

The ___ has both endocrine and exocrine

pancreas

2

_______ are unicellular exocrine glands that secrete mucous

Goblet cells

3

_______are amino-acid based hormones

proteins

4

___ are lipid-based hormones

Steroids

5

local hormones are ______ based

prostaglandins

6

Hormone control is through ______

negative feedback

7

- hormone release is stimulated by other hormones

hormonal stimuli

8

- hormone release is stimulated by changing blood levels of ions and nutrients

humeral stimuli

9

- hormone release is stimulated by nervous system

neural stimuli

10

- part of the epithalamus

pineal

11

pinealocytes secrete ______

melatonin

12

- a link between the nervous system and the endocrine system (true master gland)

hypothalamus

13

____ and ____ are made and stored in the posterior pituitary gland, and other hormones that are made target the anterior pituitary gland; called releasing hormones or Inhibiting hormones

adh and oxytocin

14

________ seated in the sella turcica; connected to the hypothalamus by the infundibulum

pituitary gland

15

_______ - not an actual gland, stores and releases Hypothalamic hormones

Posterior lobe of pituitary gland

16

ADH inhibits _____

urine formation

17

Osmoreceptors of hypothalamus monitor _____

solute concentration

18

Alcohol is a ______ - prevents release of ADH

diuretic

19

Diabetes Insipidus -

tasteless urine

20

____ - stimulant of uterine contraction during labor

Oxytocin

21

- tropic hormones control other glands (traditional master gland)

anterior pituitary lobe

22

- thyroid stimulating hormone

TSH

23

- promotes the release of corticosteroids from the adrenal cortex

ACTH

24

________ target reproductive organs

Gonadotropins

25

- gamete production (sperm or eggs)

FSH

26

- release of gonadal hormones (testosterone or estrogen)

LH

27

____ cells produce testosterone

ICSH interstitial

28

____ targets the epiphyseal plate

GH growth hormone

29

- hypersecretion of GH after closure of growth plate

Acromegaly

30

- hypersecretion of GH before closure of growth plates

Gigantism

31

_____ stimulates lactation

prolactin PRL

32

Iodine is required for the ___

thyroid gland

33

is responsible for Basal Metabolic Rate

Thyroxine

34

- rate at which cells expand energy

Basal Metabolic Rate

35

_____ is responsible for calcium deposit in bones

Calcitonin

36

_______works against calcitonin by withdrawing calcium from bone

parathyroid gland

37

-produces cells of the immune system
Larger in children but as one grows it shrinks until it is only scar tissue

thymus

38

- part of the sympathetic nervous system located on top of the kidneys
secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine known as adrenalin; responsible for flight or fight response

adrenal gland

39

______ secretes corticosteroids

adrenal cortex

40

mineralocorticoids - regulates __ and ___

K and Na

41

______ conserves Na and releases K also influences water regulation

Aldosterone

42

Water follows ____

Na

43

__________ - cortisol -anti inflammatory but reduces immune response
keeps blood glucose levels constant and maintains blood pressure

glucocorticoids

44

Hypersecretion - _________ ____
depresses cartilage and bone formation , depresses immune system, disrupts heart and other functions

cushing's disease

45

Hyposecretion - _______ _____
involves deficits in mineralocorticoids
weight loss, dehydration and hypotension

Addison's disease

46

- chemically similar to sex hormones

Gonadocorticoids

47

_____ cells make glucagon
hypoglycemic hormone lowers and increases blood sugar

Alpha

48

_____ cells make insulin (lowers blood sugar)

Beta

49

diabetes mellitus “______ ____ _____ ”

honey urine disease

50

polyuria -

much urine

51

polydipsia -

much thirst

52

polyphagia -

much hunger

53

Type 1 diabetes occurs during the ______

juvenile onset

54

Type 2 diabetes occurs during the ______

mature onset

55

________ regulates sugar entry into cells, without insulin the cells are starved

insulin

56

_____ - metabolic acidosis pH drops

ketosis

57

blood acidity is at _________

7.35-7.45

58

- produce estrogen and progesterone

ovaries and the corpus luteum

59

- produce testosterone which is produced by the interstitial cells

testes