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Psychiatric Nursing - 250 > Test 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (51):
1

SYNAPSES : How are Synapses involved in drug therapy?

The synapse is said to believed to be the primary site of activity for psychotropic drugs.

2

What are NEUROTRANSMITTERS

* Control communication throughout your body and brain

- Chemicals that convey information across synaptic clefts to neighboring target cells.

3

What is reuptake?

The process for being stored for reuse

4

What is ACETYLCHOLINE ? Functions?
Possible Implications for mental illness?

- Cholinergic neurotransmitter
- Sleep, arousal, pain, perception, MOVEMENT, memory
- Increased levels in DEPRESSION
- Decreased levels: ALZHEIMER'S, HUNTINGTON'S, PARKINSON'S

5

MONOAMINES

Norepinephrine
Dopamine
Serotonin
Histamine

6


assault

battery

bioethics

civil law
common law
criminal law
defamation of character

ethics
false imprisonment
informed consent


libel
malpractice
moral behavior

negligence

privileged communication
right
slander
statutory law
tort

values
values clarification

I

7

Kantianism (Deontology) -

I make this choice b/c it is morally right to do so. (Opposite of Utilitarianism)

8

Utilitarianism

Right is based on that which promote happiness

9

Natural law theory

Humans inherently know the difference between good and evil (from God) and this knowledge directs our decision-making

10

ethical dilemma

No reason to choose one action over the other

11

Ethical egoism

What is right and good is what is best for the individual making the decision

12

Autonomy

Individuals are capable of making their own independent choices.

13

Beneficence

One's duty to benefit to promote the good of others

14

Nonmaleficence

Do No Harm

15

Veracity

Always be truthful

16

what are the brains major divisions?

-forebrain
-midbrain
-hindbrain

17

what is the forebrain made up of?

-cerebrum
-diencephalon

18

what is the midbrain made up of?

-mesencephalon

19

what is the hindbrain made up of?

-pons
-medulla
-cerebellum

20

voluntary body movement is controlled by impulse through the __

frontal lobes

21

the ____ manage somatosensory input, including touch, pain, pressure, taste, temp, perception of joint and body positions, and visceral sensations.

parietal lobes

22

the __ is concerned with auditory functions and the lower part is dedicated to short-term memory.

temporal lobe

23

the __ are the primary area of visual reception and interpretation

occipital lobes

24

what are the functions of the hypothalamus?

-regulation of the pituitary gland
-direct neural control over the actions of the autonomic nervous system
-regulation of appetite, temp, bp, thirst and circadian rhythms
-regulation of temp

25

the __ contains the nucleus and is essential for the continued life of the neuron

cell body

26

___ are processes that transmit impulses toward the cell body

dendrites

27

__ transmit impulses away from the cell body

axon

28

___ carry impulses from receptors in the internal and external periphery to the CNS, where they are then interpreted into various sensations.

afferent neurons

29

___carry impulse from the CNS to effectors in there periphery, such as muscles (they respond by contracting) and glands (that respond by secreting)

efferent neurons

30

___ are chemicals that convey information across synaptic clefts to neighboring target cells.

neurotransmitters

31

the main function of the antidiuretic hormone is _

conserve body water and maintain normal bp

32

the hormones found in the posterior pituitary _ and _

vasopressin (antidiuretic hormone) and oxytocin

33

the hormones of the anterior pituitary regulate are:

-growth hormone
-thyroid stimulation hormone
-ACTH
-prolactin
-gonadotropin-stimulating hormone
-melanocyte-stimulating hormone

34

genotype

refers to the total set of genes present in an individual and coded in the DNA at the time of conception

35

phenotype

are characteristics such as eye color, height, blood type, sound of voice, and hair type

36

a branch of philosophy that addresses methods fro determining the rightness or wrongness of one's actions

ethics

37

bioethics

is the term applied to these principles when they refer to concepts within the scopes of medicine, nursing, and allied health

38

___ is conduct that results from serious critical thinking about how individuals ought to treat others

moral behavior

39

values

are personal beliefs about what is important or desirable

40

a __ is valid, legally recognized claim or entitlement, encompassing both freedom from government interference or discriminatory treatment and an entitlement to a benefit or service

right

41

a ____ is a situation that requires an individual to make a choice between two equally unfavorable alternatives

ethical dilemma

42

____ are those that have been enacted by legislative bodies

statutory laws

43

____ are derived from division made in previous cases

common law

44

___ protects the private and property rights of individuals and businesses

civil law

45

____ provides protection from conduct deemed injurious to the public welfare

criminal law

46

___ encompasses shared patterns of belief, feeling, and knowledge that guide people's conduct and are passed down from generation to generation.

culture

47

individualistic cultures

value independence, personal responsibility, and freedom

48

what is the human quality that gives meaning and sense of purpose to an individuals existance?

spirituality

49

___ is a set of beliefs, values, rites, and rituals adopted by a group of people.

religion

50

What is Dopamine?

- A neurotransmitter released by the brain that plays a role in movement, memory, pleasurable reward, behavior & cognition, attention, inhibition of prolactin production, sleep, mood and learning

51

How are DOPAMINE and ADDICTION related?

-Cocaine and Amphetamines inhibit the re-uptake of dopamine .

-Cocaine is a dopamine transporter blocker that competitively inhibits dopamine uptake to increase the presence of dopamine.

- Amphetamines force dopamine molecules