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Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (49)
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1

name the 7 continents

north america, south america, africa, asia, australia, antarctica

2

name the 4 oceans

pacific, atlantic, indian, arctic

3

name the 5 themes of geography

movement, region, human environment interaction, location, place,

4

what is location

where something is

5

what are two types of location

absolute, relative

6

what are the two lines used to find absolute location

longitude, latitude

7

what is the east/west line that goes around the center of the earth.

latitude

8

what is movement

the moving of people or things or ideas/ how those things move

9

what is region

how are places similar/different

10

what is place

what is it like

11

what is human/environment interaction

how do we interact with our environment

12

name the eight planets in our solar system

mercury, venus, earth, mars, jupiter, saturn, uranus, neptune, (pluto)

13

name the four layers of our earth

crust, inner core, outer core, mantle

14

which of those layers is the thinnest

crust

15

name the four "spheres" and give a description of each one.

hydrosphere- made of bodies of water
lithosphere- made of solid rock
biosphere- contains the other 3 "spheres" and living things
atmosphere- layer of gases surrounding the earth

16

what percentage of the earth is covered with water?

71%

17

what percentage of the water is salt water

98%

18

what percentage of the fresh water is found in lakes and rivers

0.3%

19

what is the difference between waves and tides

waves are caused by wind, tides are caused by the moon

20

what is another name for the hydrologic cycle

water cycle

21

name three forms of precipitation

snow, rain, sleet

22

what is the world's largest lake by volume

lake baikal

23

What is the world's longest river

amazon river

24

what is the world's largest river by volume

amazon river

25

what is the ogallala aquifer

largest body of water in north america, largest underground body of water

26

name the three different kinds of plate tectonic boundaries and describe the movement of each one.

transform boundary- plains slide past one another
convergent- collide causing one plate to dive and both to crumble
divergent- move apart horizontally

27

describe why plates move

the liquid mantle underneath the plates move them

28

what instrument is used to measure earthquakes

seismograph

29

what is the cause of a tsunami

underwater earthquakes which cause tidal waves, creating a tsunami

30

what happens on the solstice day

the sun is directly overhead at noon at both tropics of cancer and Capricorn.

31

what happens of the equinox days

the day and night are equal in length in both hemispheres of the world

32

what is the difference between weather and climate

w- the condition of the atmosphere for a particular time and location
c- the weather conditions at a particular location over a long period of time

33

name two causes of weather

water vapor, cloud cover, landforms/bodies of water, elevation, air movement

34

name the three types of precipitation

convectional, orographic, frontal

35

what is the leeward side of the mountain

the side that is a desert

36

what is the windward side of the mountain

the side that gets the rain

37

where do 3/4 of the tornadoes in the world occur

within the united states

38

which major religions of the world are monotheistic

Christianity, judaism, islam, sikhism

39

which major religion of the world believes in reincarnation

hinduism

40

what is the only religion of the world that offers grace?

christianity

41

define birthrate

number of births per thousand

42

define rate of natural increase

subtract the mortality rate, from the birthrate

43

define democracy

people elect representatives

44

define communism

government controls politics and production

45

what is a megalopolis

several metropolitan areas connected

46

what is a command economy

government determines production of goods and services

47

what is a market economy

demand determines production of goods and services

48

define gross national product

total value of goods and services produced by a country

49

define gross domestic product

total value of goods and services produced within a country in one year.