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Music 7 Jazz > Test 1 Definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test 1 Definitions Deck (18)
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1

Cutting contests

competitions for piano players to try to outplay each other. (focused on speed)

2

Creoles of Color

New Orlean's large mixed race population

3

Spiritual

songs sung by black slaves with Christian themes

4

Blues Notes

note that—for expressive purposes—is sung or played at a slightly different pitch from standard

5

Minstrelsy

featured men in blackface who mostly derogatorily portrayed caricatures of African Americans.

6

Vibrato

slight wavering of pitch that goes a little above and below the actual desired pitch to give warmth to the tone.

7

Mutes

change the sound of a brass instrument, can give a vocal like effect

8

Lick

a stock pattern or phrase

9

Break

rhythm section (piano, bass, drums) stops playing behind a soloist for a brief period

10

Hot band

blend of ragtime, blues, and brass band marches

11

Sweet band

A group that plays music that avoids jazz style (swing era) and plays it straight.

12

Polyphony

musical texture of two or more simultaneous melodies.

13

Transcription

process of listening to a line or a lick from a record and then working out the notes and the rhythm using your ears.

14

Rent party

Persons who needed money to pay their rent held rent parties

15

Harlem Renaissance

ntellectual and cultural revival of African American music centered in Harlem in 1920s-30s

16

Scat singing

the singing of nonsense syllables in an instrument-like manner,

17

Song plugger

musical matchmakers who pitch compositions to recording artists and record label teams in the hopes of making a hit.

18

Tin Pan Alley

(the name given at the time to the Pop song business) New York City music publishers