Test 11/19 exam**** Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 11/19 exam**** Deck (60):
1

Charged words

Words likely to produce a strong emotional response
Ie tyranny

2

Personification

Attribution of human powers or qualities to something that's not human such as an inanimate object, an aspect of nature, or an abstract idea.

3

Diction

The authors choice and arrangement of words. Creates a personal stamp
Examples: casual, formal, simple, safisticated

4

Speeches

Written works delivered orally

5

Epistles

Public letters written to society. Written in essay form.

6

Audiences

Who a persuasive essay is written to. Affects a persons writing and tone.

7

Persuasion

Writing meant to convince readers to think or act in a certain way. Appeals to emotions or reason. Offers opinions and urgent action. Author must back up points with evidence.

8

Autobiography

Usually written in the first person presents life events as a person sees them. More personal than history books.

9

Aphorisms

Short saints with a message

10

From "The Autobiography" author

Benjamin Franklin

11

"The Declaration of Independence" author

Thomas Jefferson

12

"An Hymn to the Everything" author

Phillis Wheatley

13

"To his Excellency, George Washington" author

Phillis Wheatley

14

"Speech in the convention" author

Benjamin Franklin

15

From "letters from an American farmer" author

Michel-Guillaume Jean de Crèvrcoeur

16

From "Poor Richards Almanac" author

Benjamin Franklin

17

From "The Crisis" author

Thomas Paine

18

From "Letter From Birmingham City Jail" author

Dr Marrin Luther King

19

"Speech in Virginia convention" author

Patrick Henry

20

"Letter to her daughter from the new White House" author

Abigail Adams

21

What are some characteristics of Benjamin Franklin?

- worked as a printer most of his life.
- wrote under pseudonyms (Richard; Silence Dogood)
- wrote many moral messages (in form of aphorisms)
- inventor (lightening rod, bifocals, new stove, laws of electricity, scientific understanding of earthquakes and ocean currents)
- political career (write declaration,French support in revolutionary war, peace treaty with Britain, constitution)

22

Summarize The Autobiography

- Benjamin names 13 virtues that he needed to live by (temperance, frugality, order, industry, etc.)
- he defines them and fits them into his life
- he makes a schedule of his day to incorporate the virtues
- he makes a plan to work on these virtues (not all at once of course)
- he struggled with order because he has a lot to do and it was difficult for him to be content with how well he did everything
- he said a speckled ax is best(don't have to be perfect)
- he says he's not perfect but he's glad he tried

23

Summarize Poor Richards Almanac

-many many aphorisms
- ex: a true friend is the best possession
- ex: a good example is the best sermon
-ex: no gains without pains
- ex: three may keep a secret if two of them are dead
-ex: haste makes waste

24

Characteristics of Thomas Jefferson

- 3rd president (doubled size of nation(Louisiana territory))
- helped gain independence
- invented food elevator
- violinist, art enthusiast, writer
- died on 4th of July shortly after Bff John Adams

25

Characteristics of Thomas Paine

- Journalist
- in American army
- he wrote the American crisis, common sense, the rights of man, and the age of reason (all politically involved writings)
- very powerful and influential works

26

Summarize the declaration of independence

-persuading the people for a change in government
- unalienable rights(life Liberty pursuit of happiness)
- peoples duty to overthrow corrupt government
- Britain has done wrong (passing laws, not giving them a say, taking land and things away from them, British soldiers harassing them
- we've tried to be cool about it but it's not working so we have to be independent
- so basically we are separating so bye

27

From the crisis #1 summary

- basically war is neccassry
- we are bound in lisa very by Britain
- we need to break free
- he says that he wouldn't usually be for offensive war because that's basically murder, but he says that this is necessary because Britain is bad
- he calls upon everyone to go to war

28

Characteristics of Phyllis Wheatley

- enslaved african poet
- one of first published africans
- poem to George Washingotn
- Freed in 1773 (children died and husband jailed)

29

A hymn to the evening summary

- poem about evening
- sable curtains of night
- go to sleep
- very descriptive of the time

30

Summary of To His Excellency George Washington

- personifies America as the goddess columbia (columbus)
- basically Washington is great
- america is awesome
- french and England don't stand a chance bc we have George W

31

characteristics of Martin Luther King Jr.

- civil rights leader - freedom
- mlk jr. shared same freedom ideas of thomas jefferson, phillis wheatley, and many others
- arrested for protesting

32

Summary of Letters to birmingham city jail

- we will get freedom in birmingham and everywhere
- we've been here all along we deserve rights
- you wouldn't commend police for putting us in jail if you knew they let their dogs bite us and they acted violently on us
- they are only being good right now because they want to keep segregation
- commend us for putting up with this violence
- mlk jr. writes this from a jail cell and that's why this is so long because he has nothing else to do in his jail cell

33

characteristics of patrick henry

- better than an actor (moved his listeners from anger to fear to laughter)
- "give me liberty or give me death"
- powerful orator
- united colonists in effort for independence
- house of burgesses(had powerful speech opposing stamp act)
- urged armed resistance to England
- after revolution, he was governor of Virginia and member of virginia general assembly

34

Characteristics of Ben franklin

- rose out of poverty
- no educatoin
- still contributed a lot
- leader for independence
- probz the deciding factor for the war
- signed peace treaty to end war
- only american to sign all four documents

35

summary of speech in the virginia convention

- fight for independence and separation from the british kind
- writes to mr president
- should i keep my opinions in fear of offending someone?
- we cannot hope that things are just going to get better
- need war
- britain is bad and preparing to fight us
- arguing doesnt work we need war
- slavery or war

36

summary of speech in the convention

- writes to mr president saying that people think they are always right
- he mostly agrees with the constitution but hes willing to be flexible so he keeps his few issues to himself
- a lot of wise people made the consititution but there will still be issues because people have self interests
- we need to look unified so put aside your small issues and just go with the constitution

37

Characterisitcs of abigail adams

- wife mother, write, artist, first-lady, revolutionary, womens rights pioneer
- educated her children (even her daughter)
- husband was busy so she wrote a lot of letters
- first family to live in white house

38

characteristics of michel guillaume jean de crevecoeur

- french aristocrat, immigrant to the US
- compared america to melting pot
- confirmed america as a land of great promise
- left america and went to london
- came back and his farmed burned, wife was killed, children fostered

39

summary of letter to her daughter from the new white house

-letter to daughter
- new white house (trouble getting there (woods)(not really a city), many servants to take care of house, no lighting (no wood), no bells)
- she pretends to like white house
- received some letters from friends
- wants to visit mrs Washington

40

summary of letters from an american farmer

- being a part of a country (not where you were born or where you starve and wander and there is war)
- america is great because there are new lawas, new living, citizens (not "slaves"), industry,
- america is flourishing (like a plant who has separated from the crown)
- only england because of language and a few friends
- america must keep improving

41

parallelism

a sentence that contains the same grammatical components; has a rhythm or sound to it; (she ran into the room, into the garden, and into our hearts)

42

repetition

repeating the same phrase over and over

43

restatement

restating sentence using different words

44

logical appeal

appealing to reason

45

emotional appeal

appealing to audiences hopes and fears

46

call to action

directly urging the reader to do something

47

anecdote

a short story or example

48

analogy

comparing two things

49

rhetorical question

asking questions; usually with obvious answers

50

a figure of speech in which a speaker directly addresses an absent person or a personified quality, object, or idea

apostrophe

51

author's point of view

when writing, authors must decide from what point of view they want to express their ideas. There are three different choices - first person, second person, an a variety of third person point of views

52

context

the words that are used with a certain word phrase and that help to explains its meaning

53

journal

a daily autobiographical account of events and person reactions

54

narrative

a story told in fiction,,, nonfiction, poetry, or drama

55

oral tradition

the passing of songs, stories, and poems from generation to generation by word of mouth

56

oratory

public speaking that is formal, persuasive, and emotionally appealing

57

origin myths

myths that describe the origin of some feature of the natural or social world

58

Puritan Plain Style

type of writing in which uncomplicated sentences and ordinary words are used to make simple, direct statements

59

sermon

a lecture

60

summarize

to say a brief statement or account of the main points of something