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Flashcards in Test 1part 1 Deck (48)
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1

Do electrophysical agents (EPA) server the purpose of evaluation?

No

2

What are 5 EPAs?

Electric stim, heat therapy, cold therapy, mechanical energy, light

3

What is the definition of passive care/?

The doctor applies the intervention to the patent, and the patient passively receives the therapy

4

What are the names of the 4 stages of healing?

Homeostasis, inflammatory, proliferation, remodeling/maturation

5

What is another name for the inflammatory phase of healing?

Acute

6

What is the purpose of the inflammatory phase?

Defend against foreign intruders, remove damaged tissue, immobilize the area

7

What are the signs of inflammation?

Heat(calor), redness (rubor), Swelling (tumor), pain (dolor), loss of function (function laesa)

8

What inflammation stages did Virchow add later?

Loss of function

9

In the inflammatory phase (acute) what cells are present?

Neutrophils and macrophages

10

What inflammatory chemicals cause pain?

Dradykinin, prostaglandins, serotonin

11

What type of secondary injury is not specific, healthy tissue is damaged, and lysosomal enzymes are released?

Secondary enzymatic injury

12

What type of secondary injury is from hemorrhage clotting, edema, spasm, hematoma that can lead to decreased oxygen and nutrition and damages the surround uninsured tissue?

Secondary hypoxic injury

13

What is the goals of the inflammatory phase (acute) ?

Limit extent of inflammation, preserve ROM?

14

What does PRICE stand for and what phase would you use it?

Acute phase, Protect. Rest. Ice. Compress. Elevate

15

What it's the timing for an ankle sprain in the acute phase grade 1?

1-3 days

16

What it's the timing for an ankle sprain in the acute phase grade 2?

2-4 days

17

What it's the timing for an ankle sprain in the acute phase grade 3?

3-7 days

18

What is another name for the proliferative phase?

Repair

19

Angiogenesis takes place in what phase of healing?

Repair phase

20

What type of collage is seen in the extra cellular matrix?

III

21

What is found in the extra cellular matrix besides collage?

Proteoglycans

22

What cells are assoacited with the proliferative (repair) phase?

Fibroblasts, chondroblasts, osteoblasts

23

The unconsidered perception of movement and spatial orientation arising from stimuli within the body it self is the definition of what?

Proprioception

24

What mechanoreceptors feel for pressure and touch?

Meissners, pacinian

25

What mechanoreceptors as associated with skin stretch and pressure?

Merkel and ruffini

26

Free nerve endings are classified as what kind of receptor??

Nociceptors

27

What functions in muscle length and tension?

Golgi tendon

28

What deep sensory receptors function is a change in joint position?

Pacinian corpuscles

29

What deep sensory receptors sense vibrations?

Pacinian

30

What deep sensory receptors function is at joint end range or motion and possible heat?

Ruffini

31

What is the timing for an ankle pain in the proliferation phase in a grade 1?

2-4

32

What is the timing for an ankle pain in the proliferation phase in a grade 2?

3-5

33

What is the timing for an ankle pain in the proliferation phase in a grade 3?

4-8

34

What are some goals for an ankle sprain in the proliferation phase?

Decrease pain and swelling. Increase free ROM. Begin non weight bearing proprioceptive training.

35

What are some EPAs to increase the proliferation phase?

Thermo therapy, ultrasound, low level laser, hi volt, microcurrent

36

What is another name for the remodeling phase?

Maturation phase

37

In the remodeling phase type___collagen is replaced by type______collagen.

III, I

38

Scar contraction happens in what phase?

Remodeling

39

In the remodeling phase collagen aligns along what?

Stress lines (cross linking continues)

40

Tension on CT causes increases in what?

Collagen fibril diameter, cross linking, number of collagen fibrils, collagen fibril packing density

41

How are collagen fibers aligened for optimal strength?

Parallel fassion

42

What is the timing for an ankle pain in the remodeling phase in a grade 1?

1 week

43

What is the timing for an ankle pain in the remodeling phase in a grade 2?

2 weeks

44

What is the timing for an ankle pain in the remodeling phase in a grade 3?

3 weeks

45

What are goals for an ankle sprain in the remodeling phase?

Increase pain free ROM, progress proporpoceptive training. Regain full sleigh, normal biomechanics

46

What are 5 physiologic effects of electrical stimulation?

Decrease pain (gate control theory/endorphin release), decrease muscle spasm, deuce edema, stimulate exercise by muscle contraction. Stimulate healing.

47

What 3 things does electricity require?

Flow of electrons, driving force (electron imbalance), path (conductor)

48

What is the ability of a material to store a charge?

Capacitance