Test 2 Flashcards Preview

Modern Asian History > Test 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (93)
Loading flashcards...
1

What dynasty was founded by the former rebel leader Liu Bang?

Han

2

What was the name for civil service/officials in the Chinese bureaucracy

Mandarins

3

Approximately how many pictographic characters are found in the Chinese written language

50,000

4

What is the dominant Chinese dialect in the contemporary era

Mandarin

5

What percentage of China's population currently speak Chinese

95%

6

The Han dynasty expanded the Chinese empire into Chosun - which is also known as

Korea

7

What great European empire was sent into decline in part due to the silk trade with China?

Roman Empire

8

What was the name of the major trading route established during the Han dynasty that tied China to the West?

Silk Road

9

The Uighur people who live mainly in Xinjiang, are predominately of what religion

Muslim

10

"Chinese Turkestan "refers to what present-day province of China

Xihjiang

11

Who is credited with founding Buddhism

Gautama Siddhartha

12

What is the meaning of the name "The Buddha"

The Enlightened one

13

According to Buddha's "Four Noble Truth's" all life is

suffering

14

According to Buddhism suffering can be escaped only by a complete suppression of

desire

15

A collection of Buddha's teachings were complied in what book

Tripitaka

16

What is the Hindu/Buddhist concept of reincarnation

samsara

17

What is the Buddhist concept of achieving enlightenment and ending the cycle of birth

nirvana

18

Dharma refers to the right way of

living

19

True of False: Unlike Hinduism, Buddhism embraced equality and rejected the hierarchical caste system

True

20

What is the name for the tiered tower for Buddhist worship and relics

Pagoda

21

Which type of Buddhism is closest to the original

Theravada

22

Which of the two major types of Buddhism emphasizes Buddha as a supernatural god

Mahayana

23

Which of the two major types of Buddhism feature bodhisattvas or Buddhist saints

Mahayana

24

Which of the two major types of Buddhism is most prevalent in China and Japan

Mahayana

25

Which of the two major types of Buddhism is also known as Hinayana

Theravada

26

Yoga originated in what country

India

27

What is China's Primary and original Martial Art

Kung Fu

28

What was the name of the Buddhist temple in which Kung Fu originated

Shaolin

29

Where did Taekwondo originate

Korea

30

Judo originated in what country

Japan