Test 2 (6-12) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 2 (6-12) Deck (155):
1

what is the first sense cats develop

touch

2

during the first 1-2 weeks what can't cats do

regulate body temperature

3

what are the carpal vibrassae

found by the carpal they provide sensory information regarding their surroundings

4

what is cutaneous pain reaction

responding to pain just below the skin

5

when do they gain Cutaneous pain reaction

within 4 days

6

what is Auriculonasocephalic reflex

A turning of the head when the side of the face is touched

7

what is Galant’s reflex

A turning of the head and trunk when the flank region is touched

8

when do kittens open their eyes

between 2-16 days old

9

which males or females open their eyes first

females

10

how much light do cats need to see

1/6 the amount humans do

11

how many more rods do cats have over humans

3x

12

what is there vision field

200 degrees

13

what is their binocular vision

90-100

14

cats vision is similar to what

human s vision

15

binocular means

both eyes

16

uniocular means

one eye

17

when a cat lacks Stereoscoptic vision that means what

the cat has poor depth perception

18

which cats have worse vision

Burmese
siamese
oriental

19

when do cats start to hear

3-4 weeks

20

what is the mobility of the pinnae

180 degrees

21

how good can cats hear

85,000-100,000 Hz

22

how well can dogs hear

65,000 Hz

23

what can a cat smell

at birth

24

cm2 that cats can smell

20 cm2

25

cm2 that humans can smell

2-4 cm2

26

cm2 that dogs can smell

20-200 cm2

27

what does the vomeronasal organ do

allows the scent to travel through the Vomernasal organ, neurologically connected to the limbic system (emotional center ) of the brain

28

how does the cat use the vomeronasal organ

The cat will open his mouth “flehmen-like “ response, hover for a few seconds over the smell

29

what are obligated carnivores

rely on diets high in fat in protein

30

what specific amino acid do cats need in order to live

Taurine

31

what can a cat do to show that they trust you

Lying on their back with chest and stomach exposed

32

what does slow blinking indicate

sign of relaxation, a calming signal

33

why else may a cat lay on it's sign

to get ready to defend with all 4 claws

34

what does flatten ears indicate

that a cat feels threatened and may escalate to defensive aggression

35

what do pricked ears indicate

cat is interested in what’s going on around its environment (alert)

36

a raised head indicates

confidence

37

a lowered head indicates

uncertainty, insecure

38

when a cat rubs against what does that show (2)

- affection
- scent marking

39

when cats rub noses what does that mean

they are greeting each other

40

when the tail is held high what does that mean

confident and happy

41

when the top of the tail quivers what does this indicate

extreme pleasure

42

a half raised tail indicates what

less interest
- tail raises as interest grows

43

what does a low tail indicate

uncertainty

44

what does a stalking tail look like

- low to the ground
- moving quickly from side to side

45

what should you do when examining a fearful a cat (4)

- make exam table comfy (yoga mat)
- go slow
- perform the exam during quieter parts of the day
- DO NOT OVER RESTRAIN

46

what tone of voice should you use with fearful cats

low tone careful with laughing and smiling

47

genus canis contains how many species

7 species

48

what is Juliet Cluttons model

- most breeds from Indian wolf with parts of local species

49

3 common reasons for surrender

- Changes in a person life style
- Behavioural problems- of the pet
- No time to take care of the pet

50

how long is a pet kept if is was free

17 months

51

how long is a pet kept if it was $100.00+

36 months

52

3 things that make up a dogs future character

- genetic make-up
- early experiences
- experience with. owners

53

what causes changes in genetic make up

Dogs can be changes physically and psychologically very rapidly by selective breeding

54

what were terriers bred to do

Hunt/Catch and kill small creatures

55

what behavioural problems can terriers have because of their original purpose

super sweet and then suddenly becomes very aggressive when upset by something that causes to be frightened or angry

56

what were hounds bred for

Bred to hunt in packs or alone WITHOUT the assistance of man

57

what do hound owners often have a problem with

Many owners of hounds have control problems on walks

58

when does the strongest attachment to location and companion occurs

6-7 weeks

59

what can stress during this 6-7 week period do

affects the pups ability to learn

60

neonatal period occurs when

0-10 days

61

transition period occurs when

11-21 day

62

dogs total vision field

250 degrees

63

dogs binocular field of vision

40-60 degrees

64

dogs taste

likes sweets and creamy thing (butter, cheese)

65

where are touch receptors located

base of every hair and especially the vibrissae

66

an attentive interested dog looks like what

-Body weight forward
-Pricked or erect ears
-Elevated tail

67

a fearful dog looks like what

- Body weight low to the ground & shifted backwards
- Ears and tail low and close to the body

68

offensive aggression in dogs look like what

- standing tall
- ears and tail up
- lips curled
- canines and incisors exposed
nose wrinkled

69

defensive aggression looks like what in dogs

- Body weight shift backwards
- Raise lips with corner of mouths drawn backwards, expose canines, incisors & teeth on the side

70

mounting indicates what

conflict behaviour indicating uncertainty

71

examples of exaggerated form

- rolling over exposing belly
- urinating
- piloerection

72

what does puppy play look like

-Pawing with front feet
-Jumping
-Twisting,
-open mouth
-Relaxed tail wagging

73

dogs staring at each other means what

assertiveness or interests in the other dogs

74

direct eye contact indicates what

alert

75

potential high arousal equals

aggression

76

what does the tail of a highly aroused dog look like

tail is high up in the air

77

what does the tail of a fearful/anxious dog look like

- low
- possibly between legs
- stiff
- wags rapidly

78

what does the tail of a friendly dog look like

- loose and relaxed
- wagging in big waves

79

what are displacement behaviours

- itching when not pruritic
- sniffing the
ground when there is no new scents
- looking distracted

80

signs of fear and anxiety in a dog

- head and body low
- tense trembling muscles
- scanning for danger
ears back
- panting or licking lips and yawning

81

how should you approach a very fearful dog

approach backwards and squat down.

82

when should kittens be handled and why

after 2 weeks of age makes them more responsive to humans

83

what 2 things need to occur for kittens to socialize faster

- kitten encounters stress
- has a strong emotional experience (hunger, pain)

84

what os an agonistic behaviour

a competitive interaction between two or more individuals that involve:
- body postures and displays related to flight,
- defensive attack
- offensive attack.

85

what might neutering a cat NOT help with

calming aggression between 2 cats

86

when does play aggression typically occur

in kittens

87

when does predatory behaviour play behaviour occur (week)

10-12 weeks

88

who is the play typically directed towards

family members (possibly 1)

89

when do they start playing hard

week 14

90

play aggression is ok until what?

- bites are deep
- directed towards the face or small children

91

what is play aggression often associated with

stalking, pouncing

92

play aggression is often triggered by what

movement

93

what can you do to mange play aggression

- redirect attacks at toys
- introduce another kitten
- separate pets when there is bullying

94

what is the cause of fear induced aggression

responce to a stimulus

95

fear aggression looks like what (5)

- low body
- ears flat
- tail tucked
- erect hair
- hissing

96

how to prevent fear induced aggression

early socialization

97

how to treat fear induced aggression (4)

- desensitize/counter condition
- anti-anxiety meds
- feliway helps reduce stress
- slowly introduce to stimuli

98

what kind of aggression is predatory aggression similar to

play aggression/behaviour

99

when does predatory behaviour become a problem

Problem when directed to family member or other pet

100

how to treat predatory behaviour (3)

- discourage hunting behaviour
- keep cat inside
- kitten from non-hunting parents

101

petting-induced aggression is ______

common

102

what is petting induced aggression

cat that wants attention then after an interval turns and bites before fleeing

103

3 theories of petting-induced aggression

- cate enjoys attention reaches threshold and the cat puts an end to the session by being aggressive

- petting is very calming the cat falls asleep wakes up and is unaware sensing confinement and reacting as so

- cat likes to control when session starts and stops

104

how to modify petting-induced aggression (3)

- pet cat and then stop before aggression
- frequent petting sessions
- food reinforcement

105

what may cats with status aggression do (4)

- blocks exits
- refused to move from area
- soliciting attention by swatting / biting
- cat is often assertive and confident

106

what is status aggression similar to in dogs

dominant aggressive dogs

107

redirected aggression looks like what

HYPERVIGILANCE
- tail twitch
- fixed gaze
- low vocalization
- dilated pupils

108

redirected aggression occurs because of what

stimuli

109

redirected aggression is different than _______

pain-induced aggression

110

how to prevent redirected aggression

identify and remove the stimuli

111

along with modification name 3 drugs that can help mange redirected aggression

- anti-depressants: amitryptilline
- pheromone therapy: Feliway
- anxiolytics: diazepam

112

how do you treat pain-induced aggression

remove stimuli (pain)

113

when may maternal aggression kick in

in the first few days post partum

114

if you need to handle the kittens what should you do

entice the queen away with food or treats

115

territorial aggression is typically shown towards

new human visitors

116

what is the main sign of territorial aggression

intense focus on the intruder
- stalking
- immediate chase

117

inter-cat aggression is what

Between cats in the same household

118

what has a big impact on inter-cat aggression

genetics and previous socialization

119

does inter-cat aggression occur right away out of the blue

NO. development of social conflict over time

120

how to treat inter-cat aggression

counter condition both cats

121

inter-male aggression is ______ and castration will solve ____% of it

inter-male aggression is common and castration will solve 90% of it

122

cause of inter-male aggression

hormonal territorial and fear components

123

when is barking reinforced

when the threat is removed or at the owner gives in

124

how do dogs bite

they bite, grab and shake tearing the skin

125

dog bites are less _____ than cat bites but leaves a _____ wound

dog bites are less deep than cat bites but leaves a larger wound

126

how many Americans are bitten per year

47 million

127

age group that gets bitten the most

children ages 5-9

128

how many bites require medical attention

1 out of 5

129

how to treat a dog bite

- wash with warm water and soft disinfectant soap
- control bleeding and bandage

130

cat teeth are deeper than dog bites what do cats bites do

they can seed bacteria in the joint and tendon sheaths

131

cat bites are dangerous because

sharp canine teeth easily puncture the skin, leaving small, but deep, wounds in the skin which close quickly trapping the bacteria

132

cats bites can cause what kind of tissue infections

- Cellulitis
- Septicemia

133

Canine socialization period occurs when

1-2 months

134

human socialization period occurs when

3rd month

135

when is cats main socialization window

4-7 weeks up to 14 weeks

136

cat developmental stages: neonatal

birth - two weeks

137

cat developmental stages: early socialization

3-8 weeks

138

cat developmental stages: late socialization

9-16 weeks

139

cat developmental stages: adolescence

17 week - 1 year

140

cat developmental stages: adult

1+ years

141

cat developmental stages: mature adult

9+ years

142

when do cats socially mature

2-3 years

143

what is The most common behavioral problem in dogs that visit behavioral clinics.

an appropriate or inappropriate threat or challenge that is ultimately resolved by combat or deference

144

top 5 aggressive complaints in order

1. Dominance aggression
2. Fear aggression
3. Interdog aggression
4. Protective aggression
5. Predatory aggression

145

what is dominance

Dominance pertains to an individual’s ability, generally under controlled conditions, to maintain or regulate access to some resource

146

what is dominance aggression

an abnormal , inappropriate, out-of-context aggression that is manifested by dogs toward people when the “resource” is access to control

147

master of the universe dog

truly dominant dog that must control environment, no anxiety about position, potentially very aggressive

148

tin man dog

dog uncertain of its role in hierarchy, uses dominance challenges, imminently treatable

149

to stop barking there are 11 things you should do: identify stimuli

identify all stimuli that leads to barking

150

to stop barking there are 11 things you should do: avoid stimuli

avoid and prevent access to the stimuli

151

to stop barking there are 11 things you should do: alter owner response

owners must avoid responses that reinforce the vocalization

152

to stop barking there are 11 things you should do: train quiet command

Teach the dog to settle and quiet down on command

153

3 reasons for destructive chewing

- Separation Anxiety
- Play , toy retrieval
- Inadequate Exercise or Stimulation

154

5 points to remember about destructive chewing

1. Choose the right toys.
2. Encourage play.
3. Provide a regular regime of exercise and play.
4. Prevent and deter.
5. Correct Anxiety.

155

what is the most common behavioural complaint

Most common behavioural complaint that clients have about their cats involves the location where the cat urinates or defecates