Flashcards in test 2 Deck (21)
deliberate, intentional sin that no sin offering can cover
sin of a high hand
YOM KIPPUR (THE DAY OF ATONEMENT/COVERING
The high priest washed himself and put on the special garments.He made atonement for himself and his family.(Where does judgment begin?)Then he took the 2 goats" one was killed and the 2nd was released (the scapegoat)The death of the goat represented the death of the sinner and the blood sprinkled on the mercy seat was to obtain God's forgiveness for the sins.The scapegoat: the high priest laid his hands on the head of the goat and symbolically transferred the sins of the nation to the goat. Then the goat was led out into the wilderness, taking the sins of the people with it. Later it was pushed over a cliff to ensure that it did not wander back into the camp.Christ fulfilled the role of both goats.
comes from a word meaning “to cut off.” The Nazarite was to cuthimself off from wine, dead things, and cutting hair. When one finished thetime of separation, the vow could be discontinued.
Three theological emphases regarding the land in numbers
the presence of God
Murmuring of the people
gift of God
discuss 2 items under the dicipline of the covenant
A. Rebellion at Kadesh-Barnea--Throughout the book of Numbers the unfaithfulness of Israel is contrasted with the faithfulness of Yahweh. The people at Kadesh-Barnea send in 12 spies. The 10 spies said the land could not be taken; however, Caleb and Joshua said that it could. The people threatened to stone Moses, and God determined to destroy them. Moses interceded and God did not destroy them. Instead God drove them into the wilderness.
B. Retreat into the Wilderness--They were in the wilderness approx. 40 yrs., actually 38 yrs. (Exod. 12:2, 5; Num. 10-11f.; Deut. 1-2-3). In essence, the generation from Egypt died in the wilderness. Do not use the wilderness experience as an analogy to the Christian life when one is not allowing Christ to have control. This was not the message of the wilderness wanderings. If they would have remained faithful, they could have been in the promised land only after 11 days (Deut. 1:2). Only Joshua and Caleb survived the death march in the wilderness.
3 items under commitment of the covenant
what is the significance of repetition
Perhaps, Moses wanted to illustrate the fact that the law has not changed. It is eternally valid regardless of the changing circumstances. However, secondly, the people of Israel of a new generation are responsibleto renew the basis of the covenant relationship
theology of deutoronomy
Deuteronomy6:4-5 (RSV) Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD. And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thineheart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.
three campaigns of joshua and them of each cherem
Central- Dt Formula -if live for God, win; if sin, lose!
Southern- Holy War -Yahweh fights for his people
3 threat israel face at the time of judges
Intermarriage with people of land
Influence from Canaanites in agriculture
Interrelationships -distrust of each other
Discuss problem surrounding canaanite religion
Baalis destroyed by Mot in battle. As a result the crops of the earth dry up since Baal is the god of fertility. Asherah kills Mot and Baal resurrects. Baal and his sister Asherah have sexual intercourse and the earth is made fertile. The Baal religion duplicated the sexual act as imitative magic believing that it would cause fertility to occur.The myth was a powerful temptation because of the success of the Canaanite farmers.The Israelites attempted to syncretizetheir worship of Yahweh and Baal. Yahweh knew about war, but not about growing crops. Yahweh was the shepherd God and the God of wanderers, like Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. This resulted in apostasy
pattern repeated in judges SWORD
Sin of the People
Wrath of God
Oppression of people by nations
Repentance by crying out to God
Deliverance by raising up Judges
3 purposes of ruth
Sovereignty of God
Genealogy of David
responsibilities of a kinsman redeemer or goel
to raise up a child for a dead relative,
redeem land lest it is lost to the family,
and redemption of enslaved relatives.
five themes of the book of samuel
1) The ark of the covenant
2) Kingship --examines the earthly head of God's theocratic kingdom
3) The Davidic Covenant
4) Assessment of Saul
5) Assessment of David
3 main characters
4 reasons why the philistines were a very serious threat
more disciplined soldiers
2) monopoly on iron (I Sam. 13:19-21)
3) made use of the chariot. (I Sam. 13:5)
4) they acted in harmony with one another.
transitional roles of samuel