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Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (6)
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1

What did Hegel believe was truth?

Truth was universal (objective), and it is relevant only to a specific time.
Everyone has a separate perspective, but even that might not be enough to know the full truth.

2

What did Plato and Aristotle believe about truth?

Truth was eternal, and what is true is always true.

3

What did Kierkegaard believe about truth?

There may be an objective truth, but it's not something that most people can see because we all have different priorities. Truth must be viewed as subjective because of those priorities.

4

What did Plato believe about god?

He believed that god was a necessary existence, because he brought balance to the world. God has given us the tools to make wise decisions, which brings balance.

5

What did Immanuel Kant believe about decision making?

You must do the right thing, even if the consequences are uncertain or harmful to yourself. Act always in a way that treats people as ends and never as means to an end.

6

What was Utilitarianism, and who founded it?

Jeremy Bentham founded utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is based on the principle that the action that creates the least amount of pain and the most amount of pleasure is the morally correct decision.