Flashcards in Test 3 Deck (47):
What is psychopathy?
A personality disorder defined by a collection of interpersonal, affective and behavioral characteristics including manipulation, lack of remorse or empathy, impulsivity, and antisocial behaviors
Who is Hervey Kleckley and the 16 features of the psychopath
Positive features: good intelligence, social charm, absence of delusions and anxiety
Emotional interpersonal features: lack of remorse, untruthfulness, unresponsiveness in interpersonal relations
Behavioral problems: inadequately motivated antisocial behavior, unreliability, failure to follow any life plan
What is the Hare psychopathy checklist revised and it's acronym?
20 item rating scale that assesses interpersonal, affective and behavioral features of psychopathy.
Psychopath score of 30 or greater, mixed group score of between 20 and 30, non-psychopaths score below 20.
What are The two correlating factors of PCL – R
Factor one reflects the combination of interpersonal and affective traits factor two is a combination of unstable and socially deviant traits
Three factor model of psychopathy with 4th factor
Factor one: arrogant and deceitful interpersonal style
Factor two: deficient affective experience
Factor three; impulsive and irresponsible behavioral style
Factor four; antisocial
What is a self report questionnaire
Positives: able to measure those attitudes and emotions that are not easily observed by others, easy to administer, not necessary to worry about interrater reliability since only the individual is completing the score.
Negatives: often lie, sufficient insight to accurately assess their traits, difficult for psychopaths to report on specific emotions if they have not experienced emotions.
What is PPI-R
psychopathic personality inventory revised
154 item inventory designed to measure psychopathic traits and offender and community samples
What is the SRP
self-report Psychopathy scale
Self report measures designed to assess psychopathic traits in community samples
What is antisocial personality disorder?
A personality disorder characterized by history of behavior in which the rights of others violated
Three symptoms of APD?
Repeatedly engaging in criminal acts, deceitfulness, impulsivity
Antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy construct overlap traits?
Irritability, reckless behavior, irresponsibility, lack of remorse
What is sociopathy?
A label used to describe a person who Psychopathics traits are seem to be due to environmental factors
Nearly all psychopathic offenders meet the diagnostic criteria for APD but most offenders diagnosed with APD are not psychopaths
What are the characteristics of a psychopathic are compatible with the criminal lifestyle?
A lack of concern for societal norms. Lack of empathy, close emotional bonds, internal inhibitions.
Who are psychopaths most likely to target?
Eight characteristics of male psychopaths in heterosexual relationships
talking victim into victimization, lying, economic abuse, emotional abuse psychological torture, multiple infidelities, isolation and coercion, assault, mistreatment of children
What kind of offender is the most psychopathic?
An offender who commits sexual homicide. Rapists have the lowest psychopathy scores.
What is sexual sadism
People who are sexually aroused by fantasies, urges, or acts of inflicting pain, suffering, or humiliation on another human
What is antisocial process screening device?
Observer rating scales to assess psychopathic traits in children
What is hare Psychopathy checklist youth version
Scale designed to measures psychopathic traits in adolescents
Problems with interrogating a psychopath
Try to out wit the interrogator, enjoy being the focus of attention, attempt to control the interrogation, will not be fooled by bluffs, attempt to shock
Suggestions for interviewing a psychopath
Case familiarity, convey experience and confidence, show liking or admiration, avoid criticism, avoid conveying emotions
What is response modulation deficit theory
I theory that suggests that psychopaths failed he's contextual cues that are peripheral to a dominant response set to modulate their behavior
What is the other theory
Psychopaths have a deficit in the experience a certain critical emotions that guide pro social behavior and inhibit deviants
What is the juvenile delinquents act
Applied to children and youth between the ages of seven and 16
The juvenile delinquents act was replaced by the young offenders act
Allowed diversion cannot prosecute the young offender but rather have him or her undergo an educational or community service program if they pled guilty.
The young offenders act was replaced by the youth criminal justice act. Three main objectives:
To prevent youth crime, provide meaningful consequences and encourage responsibility of behavior, Tim. Rehabilitation and reintegration of youth into the community
What is extrajudicial
Term applied to the measures taken to keep young offenders out of court and out of custody
When can the name of youth be reported to the public
Defendants between the ages of 14 and 17 who are convicted of serious violent offenses and who are considered dangerous
Sentencing options under the youth criminal justice act
Reprimand, intensive support and supervision order, attendance order, deferred custody and supervision order, intensive rehabilitative custody and supervision order
What are internalizing problems
Emotional difficulties such as anxiety, depression, and obsession
What is externalizing problems
Behavioral difficulties which is delinquency, fighting, bullying, lying, destructive behavior
What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
The disorder in youth characterized by a persistent pattern of an attention and hyperactivity or impulsivity
What is oppositional defiant disorder
The disorder in youth characterized by a persistent pattern of negativistic, hostile, and defiant behavior
What is conduct disorder
A disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of behavior in which a youth violates the rights of others or age-appropriate societal norms or rules
What is a risk assessment instrument for youth
Static: factors that cannot change
Dynamic: factors that can change
What are the two developmental pathways to youthful antisocial behavior
Childhood onset: life course persistent
Adolescent onset: adolescent limited
Biological theories to explain antisocial behavior
Less frontal lobe inhibition of behavior, slower heart rates, paternal anti social behavior
What is the social learning theory
Theory of human behavior based on learning from watching others in the social environment and reinforcement contingencies
Characteristic of a child he has multiple risk factors but he does not about the problem behaviors or negative symptoms
Four ways that protective factors are effective
Reduce negative outcomes by changing the risk level of a child's exposure to risk factor, change the negative chain reaction following exposure to risk, help to develop and maintain self-esteem and self-efficacy, provide opportunities to children that they would not have otherwise.
What are primary intervention strategies
Strategies that are implemented prior to any violence occurring with the goal of decreasing the likelihood that violence will occur later on
What is secondary intervention strategies
Strategies that attempt to reduce the frequency of violence
What are Terra Terry intervention strategies
strategies that attempt to prevent violence reoccurring
What are parental focused interventions
Interventions directed at assisting parents to recognize warning signs for later youth violence and or training parents to effectively manage any behavioral problems that arise
What is family supportive interventions
Interventions I connect at risk families to various support services