Test 3 Flashcards Preview

Psychology > Test 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test 3 Deck (47):
0

What is psychopathy?

A personality disorder defined by a collection of interpersonal, affective and behavioral characteristics including manipulation, lack of remorse or empathy, impulsivity, and antisocial behaviors

1

Who is Hervey Kleckley and the 16 features of the psychopath

Positive features: good intelligence, social charm, absence of delusions and anxiety
Emotional interpersonal features: lack of remorse, untruthfulness, unresponsiveness in interpersonal relations
Behavioral problems: inadequately motivated antisocial behavior, unreliability, failure to follow any life plan

2

What is the Hare psychopathy checklist revised and it's acronym?

PCL-R
20 item rating scale that assesses interpersonal, affective and behavioral features of psychopathy.
Psychopath score of 30 or greater, mixed group score of between 20 and 30, non-psychopaths score below 20.

3

What are The two correlating factors of PCL – R

Factor one reflects the combination of interpersonal and affective traits factor two is a combination of unstable and socially deviant traits

4

Three factor model of psychopathy with 4th factor

Factor one: arrogant and deceitful interpersonal style
Factor two: deficient affective experience
Factor three; impulsive and irresponsible behavioral style
Factor four; antisocial

5

What is a self report questionnaire

Positives: able to measure those attitudes and emotions that are not easily observed by others, easy to administer, not necessary to worry about interrater reliability since only the individual is completing the score.
Negatives: often lie, sufficient insight to accurately assess their traits, difficult for psychopaths to report on specific emotions if they have not experienced emotions.

6

What is PPI-R

psychopathic personality inventory revised
154 item inventory designed to measure psychopathic traits and offender and community samples

7

What is the SRP

self-report Psychopathy scale
Self report measures designed to assess psychopathic traits in community samples

8

What is antisocial personality disorder?

A personality disorder characterized by history of behavior in which the rights of others violated

9

Three symptoms of APD?

Repeatedly engaging in criminal acts, deceitfulness, impulsivity

10

Antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy construct overlap traits?

Irritability, reckless behavior, irresponsibility, lack of remorse

11

What is sociopathy?

A label used to describe a person who Psychopathics traits are seem to be due to environmental factors

12

Nearly all psychopathic offenders meet the diagnostic criteria for APD but most offenders diagnosed with APD are not psychopaths

-

13

What are the characteristics of a psychopathic are compatible with the criminal lifestyle?

A lack of concern for societal norms. Lack of empathy, close emotional bonds, internal inhibitions.

14

Who are psychopaths most likely to target?

Strangers

15

Eight characteristics of male psychopaths in heterosexual relationships

talking victim into victimization, lying, economic abuse, emotional abuse psychological torture, multiple infidelities, isolation and coercion, assault, mistreatment of children

16

What kind of offender is the most psychopathic?

An offender who commits sexual homicide. Rapists have the lowest psychopathy scores.

17

What is sexual sadism

People who are sexually aroused by fantasies, urges, or acts of inflicting pain, suffering, or humiliation on another human

18

What is antisocial process screening device?

Observer rating scales to assess psychopathic traits in children

19

What is hare Psychopathy checklist youth version

Scale designed to measures psychopathic traits in adolescents

20

Problems with interrogating a psychopath

Try to out wit the interrogator, enjoy being the focus of attention, attempt to control the interrogation, will not be fooled by bluffs, attempt to shock

21

Suggestions for interviewing a psychopath

Case familiarity, convey experience and confidence, show liking or admiration, avoid criticism, avoid conveying emotions

22

What is response modulation deficit theory

I theory that suggests that psychopaths failed he's contextual cues that are peripheral to a dominant response set to modulate their behavior

23

What is the other theory

Psychopaths have a deficit in the experience a certain critical emotions that guide pro social behavior and inhibit deviants

24

What is the juvenile delinquents act

Applied to children and youth between the ages of seven and 16

25

The juvenile delinquents act was replaced by the young offenders act

Allowed diversion cannot prosecute the young offender but rather have him or her undergo an educational or community service program if they pled guilty.

26

The young offenders act was replaced by the youth criminal justice act. Three main objectives:

To prevent youth crime, provide meaningful consequences and encourage responsibility of behavior, Tim. Rehabilitation and reintegration of youth into the community

27

What is extrajudicial

Term applied to the measures taken to keep young offenders out of court and out of custody

28

When can the name of youth be reported to the public

Defendants between the ages of 14 and 17 who are convicted of serious violent offenses and who are considered dangerous

29

Sentencing options under the youth criminal justice act

Reprimand, intensive support and supervision order, attendance order, deferred custody and supervision order, intensive rehabilitative custody and supervision order

30

What are internalizing problems

Emotional difficulties such as anxiety, depression, and obsession

31

What is externalizing problems

Behavioral difficulties which is delinquency, fighting, bullying, lying, destructive behavior

32

What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

The disorder in youth characterized by a persistent pattern of an attention and hyperactivity or impulsivity

33

What is oppositional defiant disorder

The disorder in youth characterized by a persistent pattern of negativistic, hostile, and defiant behavior

34

What is conduct disorder

A disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of behavior in which a youth violates the rights of others or age-appropriate societal norms or rules

35

What is a risk assessment instrument for youth

Static: factors that cannot change
Dynamic: factors that can change

36

What are the two developmental pathways to youthful antisocial behavior

Childhood onset: life course persistent
Adolescent onset: adolescent limited

37

Biological theories to explain antisocial behavior

Less frontal lobe inhibition of behavior, slower heart rates, paternal anti social behavior

38

What is the social learning theory

Theory of human behavior based on learning from watching others in the social environment and reinforcement contingencies

39

Resilient

Characteristic of a child he has multiple risk factors but he does not about the problem behaviors or negative symptoms

40

Four ways that protective factors are effective

Reduce negative outcomes by changing the risk level of a child's exposure to risk factor, change the negative chain reaction following exposure to risk, help to develop and maintain self-esteem and self-efficacy, provide opportunities to children that they would not have otherwise.

41

What are primary intervention strategies

Strategies that are implemented prior to any violence occurring with the goal of decreasing the likelihood that violence will occur later on

42

What is secondary intervention strategies

Strategies that attempt to reduce the frequency of violence

43

What are Terra Terry intervention strategies

strategies that attempt to prevent violence reoccurring

44

What are parental focused interventions

Interventions directed at assisting parents to recognize warning signs for later youth violence and or training parents to effectively manage any behavioral problems that arise

45

What is family supportive interventions

Interventions I connect at risk families to various support services

46

What are some school-based prevention programs

Preschool programs, social skills training for children, cognitive behavioral therapy, broad-based social interventions