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Flashcards in Test 3 Deck (56)
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1
Q

US and England.
Ended the War of 1812.
Status Quo: everything went back the same

A

Treaty of Ghent

2
Q

US and England.

Both agree that they will not place armed warships on the great lakes.

A

Rush Bagot Treaty

3
Q

US and England.

  1. Border of US and Canada is on 49th parallel from the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains
  2. Both agree to joint occupation of the Oregon Territory, an agreement that is renewable and can be cancelled with due notice
A

Convention of 1818

4
Q

US and Spain.

  1. US gave up all claims to Texas
  2. Spain ceded to the US Florida. The US agreed to pay the $5 million that Spain owed Americans
  3. The western border of the Louisiana Purchase was set
  4. Spain gave up all claims to the Oregon Territory
A

Adams-Onis Treaty

5
Q
  1. Missouri would be admitted as a slave state
  2. Maine would be admitted as a free state
  3. No slavery permitted north of 36 degrees 30 minutes, the southern boundary of Missouri
A

The Missouri Compromise

6
Q
  1. American continents were no longer open for colonization

2. The US agreed not to interfere/intervene in the affairs of Europe and Europe stayed out of the Western Hemisphere

A

The Monroe Doctrine

7
Q
  1. States created the federal government, not we the people
  2. states kept right to judge whether a law was constitutional
  3. if a state felt that a law passed by congress was not constitutional , it could call a state convention and nullify that law
  4. If other states considered the nullified law to be important, they could use the amendment process and add it to the constitution
  5. If the nullifying state was still unhappy, there was one last option: secession
A

The South Carolina Exposition and Protest

8
Q
  1. The US gained 7000 square miles of the disputed land in the Aroostook Valley
  2. Britain gained 5000 square miles of the disputed land
  3. Joint occupation of Oregon continued
A

Webster-Ashburton Treaty

9
Q
  1. Mexico gave up all claimes to Texas
  2. Mexico agreed boundary between Mexico and US would be the Rio Grande River
  3. Mexico gave up any claims to California and the Mexican Cession
  4. The US agreed to pay Mexico $15 million
A

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

10
Q

No slavery would be allowed in any land acquired during the Mexican War. Defeated in the senate by the south.

A

Wilmot Proviso

11
Q
  1. California admitted as a free state
  2. Popular Sovereignty used to determine the free/slave status of remaining territories
  3. Slave trade but not slavery banned in Washington, DC
  4. A stronger Fugitive Slave Act passed, making the return of runaway slaves a federal law
A

Compromise of 1850

12
Q

Signed by the US and Mexico.
The US paid Mexico $10 million for 30,000 square miles of land to be used for building the nation’s 1st transcontinental railroad

A

The Gadsden Purchase

13
Q
  1. The Nebraska Territory would be divided into 2 territories, Kansas and Nebraska
  2. Popular Sovereignty would be decided the slave status of the 2 territories with the expectation that Nebraska would be free and Kansas slave
  3. The Missouri compromise would have to be replaced because if voters decided Kansas should be a slave, that would violate the Missouri compromise
A

The Kansas Nebraska Bill

14
Q

Secret plan to acquire Cuba as slave territory

  1. The US tried again to buy Cuba from Spain
  2. If Spain decided to sell Cuba, no action was needed
  3. If Spain refused to sell Cuba, the US would decide if it was a military threat
  4. If Spanish owned Cuba was a military threat, the US would be justified taking Cuba from Spain
A

Ostend Manifesto

15
Q
  1. Slaves were not citizens and could not sue in the federal courts
  2. Slaves would never be citizens
  3. Slaves were property and protected by the 5th amendment
  4. Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional
A

The Dred Scott Decision

16
Q

Slavery in those states still in rebellion against the US would be declared free. This did not affect slavery in any other part of the US.

A

The Emancipation Proclamation

17
Q

First African American female writer

A

Phyllis Wheatley

18
Q

Writer. Legend of Sleepy Hollow. Rip Van Winkle.

A

Washington Irving

19
Q

Writer. Moby Dick.

A

Herman Melvil

20
Q

Writer. Puritan. Second Great Awakening.

A

Nathaniel Hawthorne

21
Q

One God. One denomination.

A

Unitarian Church

22
Q

Pushes for changes for the mentally ill.

A

Dorothea Dicks

23
Q

Two big issues.

A

Women’s suffrage. Abolishing slavery.

24
Q

Ignored all petitions to end slavery.

A

Gag law

25
Q

Abolitionist. Wrote newspaper called “The Liberator”

A

William Lloyd Garrison

26
Q

Born a slave. Good speaker and writer. Citizens bought his freedom.

A

Frederick Douglass

27
Q

Abolished slavery completely.

A

13th amendment

28
Q

Packed the federal judiciary with Federalist.

A

Judiciary Act of 1801

29
Q

3rd chief justice. Nationalist.

A

John Marshall

30
Q

Tried and impeached. Found guilty and removed. Impeached because he was said to be insane.

A

John Pickering

31
Q

Impeached and tried. Found not guilty.

A

Samuel Chase

32
Q

A case that happened before and use that verdict for future cases

A

Precedent

33
Q

Diplomat in France for US. Offered $12 million for access to West of Mississippi and Louisiana.

A

Robert Livingston

34
Q

Sent to France to help Robert Livingston persuade Napoleon.

A

James Monroe

35
Q

Runs for governor of New York and wants to secede from the US and form a new country. Murdered Alexander Hamilton in a duel.

A

Aaron Burr

36
Q
  1. Wanted to take land from Mexico to create new country

2. Wanted to take land from Louisiana Purchase to create a new country

A

Burr Conspiracy’s

37
Q

Suppose to receive deed for Louisiana Purchase. Gets “cold feet”.

A

James Wilkinson

38
Q

Charged for treason in Richmond, VA. Judge was John Marshall. Not guilty.

A

Trial of Aaron Burr

39
Q

Parliament said they would seize any ship who traded in Europe that didn’t stop to be searched in England for contraband

A

Orders in Council

40
Q

Any ship that stops in England to be searched will be taken by the French army

A

Continental Decrees

41
Q

British ship that attacked the US Chesapeake

A

Leopard

42
Q

Warhawk from Kentucky

A

Henry Clay

43
Q

Trade with no country (France and England)

A

Embargo

44
Q

US will trade with everyone except France and England

A

Non-Intercourse Act

45
Q

Trade with everyone. Trade only with England and France of they recall trade act.

A

Macon’s Deal

46
Q

Andrew Jackson defeats the Creeks. Murders men, women, and children.

A

Battle of Horseshoe Bend

47
Q

Wrote Star Spangled Banner.

A

Frances Scott Key

48
Q

Federalist join and complain about struggles. Write 6 amendments they want added to the constitution.

A

Hartford Convention

49
Q

Happened in 1819 because of:

  1. Over speculation
  2. Overproduction
A

1st Depression

50
Q

Democratic/Republican expected to win. John Quincy Adams becomes VP.

A

Election of 1816

51
Q

Established rights of Judicial review.

A

Marbury v Madison

52
Q

Under this the Federalist planned to pull New England from the US and secede.

A

Essex Junto

53
Q

General who defeated indians at Battle of Tippecanoe.

A

William Henry Harrison

54
Q
Federal Government
Pro tariff
Pro bank
Educated
No one leader
A

Whigs

55
Q

Anti bank
Anti tariff
One leader
Less educated

A

Democrats

56
Q
organized in 1854.
Pro Tariff
Pro business
Pro Internal improvements
AGAINST THE SPREAD OF SLAVERY
A

Republican