Flashcards in TEST 3: Osteopathic Testing of the Elbow and Wrist PPT Deck (30)
where do the wrist extensors attach?
where do the wrist flexors attach?
where does the ulnar nerve run?
b/w medial epicondyle and olecranon (funny bone)
explain cubitus varus
carrying angle less than 5 deg (gunstock)
explain cubitus valgus
carrying angle greater than 15 deg
what should you notice when observing elbow and wrist?
landmarks of the elbow for palpation
dermatomes of the arm
-T1-2 on the medial aspect of the arm
-C5-8 from the lateral aspect of the arm towards the middle
-C7: index thru ring and most of palm
-C8: pinky finger
ROM of flexion of elbow
ROM of extension of elbow
0 to -5 deg
ROM of supination of elbow
ROM of pronation of elbow
what is the reference point used for ulnar adduction and ulnar abduction?
what is ulnar ADduction coupled with?
what is ulnar ABduction coupled with?
what is posterior glide of the radial head coupled with?
pronation and extension
what causes a posterior radial head somatic dysfunction?
Fall On OutStretched Hand (hand in pronation)
what causes an anterior radial head SD?
fall back on outstretched hand (hand in supination)
what to palpate at the wrist?
-thenar and hypothenar eminences
-radial styloid process
-ulnar styloid process
-anatomic snuff box
-MCP, PIP, DIP
ROM of wrist flexion
ROM of wrist extension
ROM of ulnar deviation
ROM of radial deviation
posterior sensation testing of the hand
-radial N: thumb, metacarpal of index finger, metacarpal of half of middle finger
-median N: phalanges of index and middle and 1/2 of ring
-ulnar N: 1/2 of metacarpal of middle finger, metacarpals of ring and pinky fingers, phalanges of pinky and 1/2 of ring fingers
anterior sensation testin g of the hand
-radial N: small patch on thenar eminence
-median N: thumb, metacarpals of index, middle, 1/2 of ring; phalanges of index, middle, and 1/2 of ring
-ulnar N: 1/2 of metacarpal of ring finger and metacarpal of pinky; phalanges of pinky and 1/2 of ring finger
what is wrist flexion coupled with?
dorsal carpal glide
what is wrist extension coupled with?
ventral carpal glide
what does wrist ABduction result in?
what does wrist ADduction result in?