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Flashcards in Test 3 review Deck (24)
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1

causes of thermal burn

steam, hot liquids, friction, charcoal

2

gradaughter of 85 year old patient, greater risk for scalding

overall slower reaction

3

CO level 22%. Intervention?

give 100% oxygen

4

cc nurse depth of burn injury depth of tissue destruction, and

durinon of exposure, skin thickness, cause of burn, body part

5

minor burn

skin remains intact bc only epidermis burned

6

3rd degree burn coagulation zone

surface of the wound dry and firm

7

thermal burns in ed left arm and shoulder. What requires immediate attention

coughing and hoarseness

8

burn cicling the left upper leg. Pain, pallor of lower extremity, loss of pedal pulse. Pt. may be developing

compartment syndrome

9

Explosion pt. rr 24 breaths, strider, soot, hr 120 bpm. What would you do first

prophylactically intubate the pt

10

middle aged 220 lbs, 40% total body surface area. Parkland formula fluid resus 24hrs

weight in kg, times percentage, times 4
16,000

11

explain skin covering procedures to a burn pt.

autografts are permanent skin replacement for burns

12

signs splenic injury

Most commonly injured organ in blunt trauma
Often associated with other injuries
Left lower rib pain may be indicative
pain in shoulder
Often can be managed non-operatively

13

signs tampenade

Increased JVD pressure, hypotension, diminished heart sounds

14

signs hemmorrhage IV

-low BP, high HR
-more than 40% blood loss.
-Significant tachycardia, MAP less than 60

15

Lethal Triad

Hypothermia, hypercoagulation, acidosis (also get hypotension and worry about microemboli into the kidneys: I&O's)

16

first thing to do in assessment of airway

ask person to state their name

17

ways the trachea could be compromised

deviated trachea, object lodged in trachea, secretions aspirated...etc.

18

thing you would do first to stabilize an airway on a spinal injury pt.

jaw thrust

19

tx brady rhythm

atropine

20

tx tachy rhythm

treat the cause

21

tx aflutter

(ABC) adensosine, beta blockers, Ca+ channel blockers

22

afib

(ABCc) adensosine, beta blockers, Ca+ channel blockers, start coumadin

23

vtach tx

lidocane (1mg//kg) manesium (1mg/10ml)

24

vfib tx

ACLS, preferable before you freak out ;)