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Flashcards in Test 4 Deck (220)
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1

Define personality:

unique and relatively stable ways in which people think, feel, and behave

2

Define character:

value judgments of a person's moral and ethical behavior

3

Define Temperament:

enduring characteristics with which each person is born

4

What are four types of perspectives in personality studies?

Psychoanalytical
Behavioristic
Humanistic
Trait Perspectives

5

Social Cognitive theory is included in which perspective of personality study?

Behavioristic

6

Who is the founder of the Psychoanalytical approach?

Sigmund Freud

7

How many levels of personality does Freud believe we have?

3

8

What are the three parts of personality according to Freud?

Ego
Superego
ID

9

Freud's view sees how many levels to the personality?

3

10

What are the three levels of personality?

Consciousness
Preconsciousness
Unconsciousness

11

Which level of consciousness are we unaware of its contents?

Unconscious level

12

The unconscious is a storehouse of what?

Repressed impulses
Drives
Conflicts unavailable to the consciousness

13

Why is the unconscious disguised?

to reduce anxiety

14

how is unconscious material revealed?

Dreams
Some certain behaviors
Slip of the tongue

15

What are the the different type of drive?

Eros
Libido
Thanatos

16

Define Eros:

drives people towards acts that are sexual, life-giving, and creative

17

What does Freud believe all we want to do?

have sex

18

True/False:
Freud believes everything in life has some type of sex drive behind it.

true

19

Define Libido:

drives people to experience sensual pleasures

20

Define Thanatos:

drives people toward aggressive and destructive behaviors

21

What is another name for Thanatos?

Death Drive

22

What is the Id known as?

the beast within

23

Describe the Id?

raw
organized
primative

24

The Id attempts to reduce tension caused by what?

the primitive primary drive

25

The Id operates off of what?

pleasure principle

26

"If it feels good, do it." Describes what?

Pleasure principle

27

The Id demands what?

Instant gratification

28

Define ego:

the "executive" or decision-making part of the personality

29

Instant gratification in the ego is________

not always possible

30

What does ego balance?

basic desires with the objective reality of the outside world