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Flashcards in Test 4 Deck (19)
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1

Height/Weight concerns in children

-below 5th percentile
-above 95th percentil
(no genetic predisposition)
-no growth spurts form infancy to adolescence

2

chest to head ratio at 6 months to 2 years

about equal

3

Infant temperature

concern at 100.4

4

age 6-8 temp

-can have very high temp for little infections
(103-105)

5

Pulse in infants

-full minute
-apical more accurate and easier to get
-breathe from abdomen until 6 or 7

6

Lanugo

fine downy hair of newborn.
-covers their skin by midgestation

7

Vernix caseosa

-thick cheesy substance that covers them when they are first born

8

sebum

helps hold water in the skin
-milia: baby acne
-cradle cap

9

Temperature regulation in babies

-sweat glands not fully developed
-cant shiver
-some subcu fat but not enough to keep warm

10

Mongolion spot

-Dark pigmented area on babies
-more common on asian, american indian
-sacrum, buttocks

11

cafe au lait

round or oval patches of light brown pigmentation

12

harlequin color change

baby lies on the side of the body so the bottom part is red and the upper half blanches

13

erythemia toxicum

newborn rash

14

acrocyanosis

blue color around lips, hands, feet, fingernails, toenails

15

cutis marorata

temp cyanotic
-red or blue mottling on trunk and extremities
-cool room

16

physiological jaundice

-half of all newborns
-yellow skin, sclera, mucous membranes, increased RBCs hemolyzed at birth

17

Carotenemia

-orange, yellow color
-light skin babies who have eaten a lot of carotin foods

18

Storkbite (salmon patch)

-flat, irregular shape, reddish pink, fade with time
-common on back of neck at hairline, fades during first year of life

19

ubilical cord

2 arteries, 1 vein