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Flashcards in Test 4 Deck (23)
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1

What is different about conducting extinction of behaviors that were developed by positive versus negative reinforcement methods?

Positive reinforcement you gradually stop the reinforcer negative reinforcement continues the stimuli

2

How do extinction burst and spontaneous recovery differ?

Extinction burst is when you are responsible to a behavior in the beginning phase and spontaneous recovery is a behavior that isn't reinforced

3

How do schedules of reinforcement affect extinction?

The schedule affects it by positive reinforcement is gradual and negative is continuous

4

How is extinction used in exposure based treatments for anxiety?

- Desensitization is taking baby steps until anxiety stops
- Flooding is an overwhelmed situation
- Graduated exposure is making baby steps without relaxation period

5

_____________ is the behavior that a person deliberately undertakes to achieve self selected outcome.

Self-control

6

What is self recruited reinforcement and who might use this strategy?

Individual prompts others to evaluate their behaviors and provide attention or praise for that performance. A teacher

7

____________ is to teach clients specific techniques for regulating their own responses in the natural environment.

Biofeedback

8

What are the strengths and limitation of self help resources?

Strengths
- Permits various techniques to be more widely extended to the public.
- Can help those who do not come to treatment or whose problems are bothersome them or to others but not sufficiently debilitating bring them to treatment.
- May serve as first step for people in Tx
Limitations
- Need research on effectiveness which problems and for whom
- Adherence to the procedures

9

What percent of the population meets criteria for a diagnosable psychiatric condition?

25%

10

What percentage of those population do not receive treatment?

70%

11

What is more costly to society?

Substance abuse

12

Behavior therapy expanded into _____________

cognitive behavior therapy

13

______________ and _____________ are the most common targets of Cognitive Behavior Therapy

current determinants and behavior

14

What are the interventions that Kazdin outlined to be evidence based?

Habituation, Flooding, Graduated exposure, Counter Conditioning, Relaxation training

15

What are examples of pivotal responses that are targeted?

Motivation to respond to social and environmental stimuli
Self initiation
Sociolization

16

___________ created the Rational Emotive Behavior Psychotherapy that was based on the irrational thinking

Albert Ellis

17

____________ developed the Cognitive Therapy for Depression and that it emphasizes the negative cognitive triad.

Aaron Beck

18

What is the negative cognitive triad?

Negative thoughts towards self, world, and future

19

What are the 5 problem solving skills that relate to adjustment

- Alternative Solution thinking
- Means end Thinking
- Consequential Thinking
- Causal Thinking
Sensitivity to interpersonal problems

20

_____________ developed the Dialectical Behavior Therapy " DBT"

Marsha Linehan

21

____________ is one of the few empirically supported treatment approaches for working with suicidal patients.

DBT

22

What does DBT synthesize?

Change and acceptance

23

What are challenges to getting evidence based or empirically supported treatments out to clinicians?

- No financial incentive to Tx developers so no money advertising
- Training programs don't typically train EBTs
- Little incentive to clinicians to stop work to get training
- Patients rarely push for latest Tx
- Not all clinical problems have a EBT available