Test #4 Inj & Inhalants Flashcards Preview

Anesthesia -Scott Newman & Janet King > Test #4 Inj & Inhalants > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test #4 Inj & Inhalants Deck (40):
0

T/F There are three classifications of barbiturates that are based on their duration of action

True

1

T/F Barbiturate drugs are not controlled substances

False!

2

T/F Pentobarbital is used as an euthanasia agent

True

3

T/F Cyclohexamines may cause apnuestic breathing patterns

True

4

T/F Tiletamine has a longer duration than Ketamine

True

5

T/F Guaifenesin May relax the diaphragm as well as all other muscles

False

6

T/F In order for inhalant anesthetics to be distributed into the body there must be a high concentration gradient from the body to the alveoli

False

7

T/F The vapor pressure means the tendency of a gas to remain as a gas or to dissolve into tissue

False

8

T/F Halothane requires a non-precision vaporizer

False

9

T/F Sevoflurane has a high solubility coefficient and therefore induction and recovery are fast

False

10

Injectable anesthetics may be used to:

Induced anesthesia
maintain anesthesia
re-establish anesthetic depth
(All of the above)

11

System effects of barbiturates include:

Excitation during induction/recovery
respiratory depression anticonvulsant
(All of the above)

12

Disadvantages or contraindications of Thiopentol include:

Use caution greyhounds

13

Ketamine:

Is a controlled drug

14

Propofol:

Must be administered IV, slowly, and to effect

16

Triple Drip:

Is a combination of ketamine, GG, and xylazine
Is used to induce anesthesia in horses
Is used to maintain anesthesia for procedures lasting about 1 hour

(All of the above)

16

Minimum alveolar concentration:

Is the lowest concentration that produces no response to pain and 50% of patients exposed to pain. Varies with different species. sevoflurane is higher than isoflurane.
(All of the above)

17

The inhalant anesthetic that requires 20 to 50% to be metabolized by the liver is:

Halothane

18

Isoflurane:

Requires a precision vaporizer

19

Advantages of injectable anesthetics over inhalant anesthetics include all of the following except:

Depth easily altered

20

_____ Is the drug of choice for maintenance of epilepsy

Phenobarbital

21

_____ Is a drug commonly used in combination with Ketamine

Valium

22

_____ Is the drug that causes catalepsy

Ketamine

23

If a drug is accidentally administered perivascular you should first ______, then ______, then ______, and ______.

- Stop the injection, keep negative pressure when pulling out
- Flush area with isotonic saline 2x drug amount
- Notify the veterinarian
- Watch for irritation and sloughing

24

During induction the alveolar concentration of inhalant anesthetics is ______ and the blood concentration is ______.

- High
- Low

25

Maintenance of anesthesia with inhalant anesthetics is controlled by the amount of anesthetic delivered and by ______.

Ventilation

26

______% Of isoflurane is metabolized thru respiration.

99%

27

The best reason for leaving a patient on 100% oxygen following the end of surgery is ______.

To allow the oxygen to dilute the anesthetic gas in the body

28

Low vapor pressure gases require a ______ vaporizer.

Non precision

29

______ Is a common drug combined with an opioid to produce neurolepticanalgesia.

Acepromazine

30

Halothane

Fluothane®

31

Guaifenesin

A drug in GKX

32

Sevoflurane

-Inhalant anesthetic with the least pungent odor
- Allows patients to regain cognitive and motor function at the same time

33

Tiletamine

Is a combination drug known as Telazol®

34

Propofol

A milky white drug

35

Thiopentol

-Pentothal®
- Short acting barbiturate

36

Ketamine

A drug in GKX

37

Isoflurane

Aerrane®

38

Phenobarbital

Long-acting barbiturate

39

Pentobarbital

Intermediate acting barbiturate