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5th Grade Science > Test 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test 5 Deck (40):
0

wing-footed animal

pinniped

1

where the walrus lives near

North Pole

2

whales are warm or cold blooded animals

warm-blooded

3

the largest of all pinnipeds

elephant seal

4

sea mammals have a layer of this to keep them warm

blubber

5

seals that have small outer ears

eared seals

6

one of the few animals clever enough to use tools

sea otter

7

the pinniped that has a set of tusks which he uses as a fifth leg

walrus

8

Are baby whales hatched or born under the water?

born

9

the largest of all flying birds

wandering albatross

10

Most penguins live near which continent?

Antarctica

11

the tallest of all penguins

emperor penguin

12

the most poisonous fish

stonefish

13

the fish that helps larger fish by eating bothersome parasites

wrasse

14

the fish that looks like a snake

moray eel

15

the fish whose teeth are fused together and can bite through a fish hook

parrotfish

16

the cleaner mimic that will bite the large fish

blenny

17

the Great Barrier Reef is off the coast of which continent?

Australia

18

coral reefs are made up of what?

polyp skeletons

19

Sea stars or starfish have what kind of feet?

tube

20

What are the three steps of the water cycle?

Precipitation
Evaporation
Condensation

21

Name two examples of mollusks.

cowrie, conch, sea snail, oyster, clam, mussel

22

List two examples of crustaceans.

shrimp, lobster, crab

23

The tides that occur when the sun and moon are at right angles to the earth and pull in different directions.

neap

24

the tide that occurs when the water has reached its lowest point before rising again.

low tide

25

the tide that occurs when the water has reached its highest point before it starts falling again.

high tide

26

the tide that experiences the highest high tides and the lowest low tides.

spring tide

27

the regions between low-tide and high-tide lines where most ocean plants and animals live.

intertidal

28

all living things must contain this in their body tissues

water

29

the smallest part of a substance that still has the quality of that substance

molecule

30

the ocean covers almost this much of the earth's surface

three fourths or 3/4

31

underground places where water collects

aquifers

32

single shell invertebrate

univalve

33

two shells invertebrate

bivalve

34

small crustacean; scavenger invertebrate

shrimp

35

produces pearls

oyster

36

carnivorous crustacean with two large pincers

lobster

37

crustacean that runs sideways

crab

38

Although more than 80% of the water vapor in the air has been evaporated from the ocean, water vapor is not salty as the ocean is. Why not?

When water is evaporated from the ocean, most of the minerals dissolved in the water remain behind.

39

How does the ocean moderate the climate of the earth?

The temperature of the ocean does not change as quickly as that of land. Therefore the ocean warms the land in the winter and cools it in the summer.