Test 9 Flashcards Preview

5th Grade Science > Test 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test 9 Deck (52):
1

This bird can dive through the air at speeds of 220 mph or more.

peregrine falcon

2

This bird is the largest in the world.

ostrich

3

This bird is the South American relative of the ostrich.

rhea

4

This bird is the only one that can fly backward.

hummingbird

5

This bird encloses itself in its nest with a mud wall.

hornbill

6

All fish are warm-blooded or cold-blooded.

cold-blooded

7

The breathing organs of the fish

gills

8

The structure that helps the fish to stay at one level in the water without sinking

swim bladder

9

For protection, most fish have a coat of hard, rounded disks called ??

scales

10

The lamprey is an example of what kind of fish?

jawless fish

11

a shark has a tough, flexible skeleton made of what?

cartilage

12

Most of the fish in the world are ___ fish.

bony

13

The fish that has both of its eyes on one side of its head is the ___.

flounder

14

The process in which a snake loses its outer skin is

molting

15

The fastest snake

African black mamba

16

The organ called Jacobson's organ helps the snake's sense of

smell

17

The tiniest snake in the world

blind snake

18

The poison produced by some snakes

venom

19

The largest poisonous snake in the world

king cobra

20

The lizard that can squirt a stream of blood from its eyes

horned lizard

21

The lizard is more at home in water than on land

marine iguana

22

The only lizards in the world that use poison to stun their prey

gila monster and beaded lizard

23

The lizard that can change its color to match its surroundings

chameleon

24

Many lizards escape danger by

shedding their tails

25

The upper section of the turtle's shell

carapace

26

The round, tough layers of skin covering the turtle's shell

scutes

27

Most turtles are ___

freshwater turtles

28

One of the only reptiles that guards its eggs until they hatch

crocodile

29

The crocodilians that live only in the southeastern United States and along China's Yangtze River

alligators

30

Be able to identify the following three main types of clouds through a picture.

cirrus
cumulus
stratus

31

Amphibians protect themselves by secreting a mildly poisonous ___.

slime

32

Baby frogs and toads are called

tadpoles

33

The process in which an animal changes form as it grows older

metamorphosis

34

The largest salamander

Japanese giant salamander

35

Young amphibians breathe with ___ until they develop lungs.

gills

36

The basic cause of all weather

sun

37

How many major wind systems are there

three

38

The amount of water vapor that the air can hold at a given temperature is called the ___ of the air.

relative humidity

39

Different seasons are caused by ___.

the tilt of the earth's axis

40

Dew and frost are caused by ___.

condensation

41

A small piece of ice that is tossed up and down inside a cloud, becomes coated with several layers of ice, and finally falls to earth is called ___.

a hailstone

42

Be able to label the parts of the sun on a diagram.

corona
chromosphere
photosphere
core

43

List the eight planets in order from the sun out.

Mercury
Venus
Earth
Mars
Jupiter
Saturn
Uranus
Neptune

44

Describe Mercury.

slightly larger than our moon; closest planet to the sun

45

Describe Venus.

"Earth's twin"; brightest planet in the sky; surrounded by highly reflective clouds of sulfuric acid

46

Describe Earth.

only planet with a bountiful supply of water; only planet suitable for living things

47

Describe Mars.

the "red planet"; Viking spacecraft landed here

48

Describe Jupiter.

largest planet; huge, powerful thunderstorms occur in its atmosphere; Great Red Spot swirls in its atmosphere

49

Describe Saturn.

has a moon larger than Mercury; has seven bands made up of ice particles and rocks; second largest planet

50

Describe Uranus

first planet discovered in modern times; discovered by Sir William Herschel; tipped over on its side

51

Describe Neptune

appears royal blue; has the strongest winds measured anywhere in the solar system

52

You observe a lizardlike animal sunning itself on a rock. Is this animal a lizard or a salamander? How do you know, even without touching the animal or observing it closely?

This animal is a lizard, not a salamander. Salamanders are amphibians. Since amphibians have thin skin which must be kept moist, no salamander would sun itself on a rock. Salamanders live in or near water where they stay cool and damp.