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1

Solid spacing

closest together
no significant space between particles

2

liquid spacing

not as close as a solid but not as far apart as a gas

3

gas spacing

furthest apart, the particles are moving constantly

4

potential for movement (solid, liquid, gas)

solid - least
liquid - middle
gas - most

5

Filling a container (solid, liquid, gas)

solid - keeps shape and volume
liquid - keeps its volume but will form its shape to the container its in
gas - will take shape and volume of container

6

Kinetic Molecule Theory

1. Gases consist of tiny particles
2. Very small compared to distance between them
3. Particles are in random constant motion, colliding with the walls of the container
4. Particles don't attract of repel each other
5. AVG KINETIC ENERGY OF THE GAS PARTICLES IS DIRECTLY PROPORTIONAL TO THE KELVIN TEMP. OF GAS

7

1 atm =

760 torr
760 mmHg
101.3 kPa

8

Charles's Law

Temperature and volume are directly related

9

Gay Lussac's Law

Temperature and pressure are directly related

10

Charles's Law Formula

V1 V2
---- = -----
T1 T2

11

Gay Lussac's Law Formula

P1 P2
---- = -----
T1 T2

12

Boyle's Law

Pressure and volume are indirectly related

13

Boyle's Law Formula

P1V1 = P2V2

14

STP

Temperature -> 273K ( 0 degrees celcius)
Pressure -> 1 atm, 101.3 kPa, 760 mmHg, 760 torr

15

Ideal Gas Law

PV = nRT

16

Dalton's Law of Partial Pressure

The total pressure in a container is the sum of the partial pressures of all the gases in the container

17

Compressibility of each state (solid, liquid, gas)

solid - not compressible
liquid - not compressible
gas - most compressible

18

Melting
Phase Change - description and inc/decr of kinetic energy

solid to liquid
increase kinetic energy

19

Freezing
Phase Change - description and inc/decr of kinetic energy

liquid to solid
decrease in kinetic energy

20

Condensation
Phase Change - description and inc/decr of kinetic energy

gas to liquid
decrease in kinetic energy

21

Vaporization
Phase Change - description and inc/decr of kinetic energy

Liquid to gas
increase in kinetic energy

22

Sublimation
Phase Change - description and inc/decr of kinetic energy

Solid to gas
Increase in kinetic energy

23

Deposition
Phase Change - description and inc/decr of kinetic energy

gas to solid
decrease in kinetic energy

24

Combined Gas Law formula

P1V1 P2V2
------- = -------
T1 T2

25

1000 ml =

1 L

26

Volume each state occupies

solids - constant volume (regardless of container)
liquids - constant volume (regardless of container)
gases - expands to take the volume of whatever container its in