Flashcards in Test!! Deck (30)
An Orange is what?
A Blue is what?
A Gold is what?
A Green is what?
Who wrote: "Understanding Yourself and Others: An Introduction to the 4 Temperaments 4.0"?
Linda V. Berens
Who wrote: "Please Understand Me: Character and Temperament Types"?
David Keirsey and Marilyn Bates
Who wrote: "Please Understand Me II: Temperament, Character, Intelligence"?
What are the 4 Temperaments according to Hippocrates?
Choleric (Yellow Bile), Phlegmatic, Melancholic (Black Bile), and Sanguine.
What were the combination of humours/Temperaments and of colours?
Sanguine/Blood = Orange
Phlegmatic/Phlegm = Green
Choleric/Yellow Bile = Blue
Melacholic/Black Bile = Gold.
What were the philosopher Galen's temperaments?
Extravagant, Sleepy, Fearful, and Merry
What were the combination of Galen's Humours and Colours?
Merry = Orange
Sleepy = Green
Extravagant = Blue
Fearful = Gold.
What did Hippocrates and Galen have in common?
They both believed that personality traits originated from the physical body. (Hippocrates: Body fluids, Galen: Body dispositions).
Who was Eric Adickes, and how were his temperaments configured?
A German philosopher who, in 1907, created his theory of the Four World Views, which categorised people based on how they saw the world.
Who is David Keirsey?
A psychologist who used the Myers Briggs Types as a frame work for a 4 way personality categorisation
What were Keirsey's four groupings?
Sensing Perceptors (Orange)
Intuitive Thinkers (Green)
Intuitive Feelers (Blue)
Sensing Judgers (Gold)
When were the Learning Styles Introduced, and who were the key players?
In the 1970s and 80s. The Key players were David Kolb, Anthony Gregorc, and Bernice McCarthy
What were David Kolb's four learning styles?
What were Anthony Gregorc's learning styles?
Concrete Random (Orange)
Abstract Sequential (Green)
Abstract Random (Blue)
Concrete Sequential (Gold)
What were Bernice McCarthy's learning styles?
Dynamic Learner (Type 4) (Orange)
Analytical Learner (Type 2) (Green)
Imaginative Learner (Type 1) (Blue)
Common Sense Learner (Type 3) (Gold)
What were the differences in theory between the Temperament philosophers (Hippocrates and Galen) and the Learning Styles philosophers (Kolb, Gregorc, and McCarthy)?
The Temperaments categorised people based on physical traits and medical symptoms. The learning Styles people categorised based on how one inherited and processed information.
Who created the 'True Colours' method? And what were the traits?
Don Lowry, in 1979.
What were Linda Berens 4 Modern Temperaments?
Artisan Improviser (Orange)
Rational Theorist (Green)
Idealist Catalyst (Blue)
Guardian Stabilizer (Gold)
What are the Personality Dimensions Colours based on?
A person's core needs
What are the personality dimensions?
Resourceful Orange (Freedom)
Inquiring Green (Knowledge and Competence)
Authentic Blue (Relationships)
Organised Gold (Belonging, Duty, and Responsibility).
What are the frustrations of an Orange?
Structure and Restriction
What are the frustrations of a Green?
Lack of skill and ability
What are the frustrations of a Blue?
What are the frustrations of a Gold?
Randomness and lack of structure.
What are the symbols and their colours?
Exclamation point - Orange
Question mark - Green
Hands - Blue
Check mark - Gold