Test- Digestive System Flashcards Preview

2nd Corley_Bae Science > Test- Digestive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test- Digestive System Deck (22):
1

2. What structures enables the small intestine to absorb large amounts of water?

Carbohydrates Pg. 60. WKST Food and Energy

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4. In what part of the body does most chemical digestion take place?

Small intestine Pg.62 CLF Digestion New

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9. What is bolus?

It is what food is called after its been partially Brocken down in the mouth Pg.60. WKST Food and Energy

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11. When chyme enters the small intestine,

Form a enzyme pepsin which breaks down protein Pg.60. WKST Food and Energy

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12. The process by which waste is eliminated is?

Defecation Pg.66. WKS Final Digestion and Absorption

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13. Which nutrients are made up of amo acids?

Proteins Pg. 60. WKST Food and Energy

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22. Chewing is an example of what type of digestion?

Mechanical Pg. 61. BP- digestive

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25. Where does the alimentary canal end?

Large intestine Pg.62. CLF Digestion New

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28. What digestive organ releases enzymes that help break down starches, proteins, and fats in the small intestine?

Pancreas Pg.62. CLF Digestion New

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31. What organ stores bile?

Gallbladder Pg.62. CLF Digestion New

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32. Where does the most digestion take place?

Duodenum Pg.62. CLF Digestion New

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35. About half of the different __________ that makes up proteins are made inside the body

Amino acids Pg.60. WKST Food and Energy

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38. True/false
Most chemical digestion takes place in the large intestine

False because it's not in the large intestine it's in the small intestine. Pg.62. CLF Digestion New

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True/false
39. Food is pushed through the esophagus to the stomach by the waves of muscle contraction known as absorption.

False because it's not absorption it's peristalsis. Pg.66. WKS Final Digestion and Absorption

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True\False
43. Bacteria in the large intestine makes vitamin k

False because bacteria in the small intestine makes vitamin k not the small intestine. Pg.66. WKS Final Digestion and Absorption

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True\False
44. The breakdown of complex food molecules into simpler molecules is mechanical digestion.

False because it's not mechanical digestion its chemical digestion. Pg.61. BP- digestive

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50. What is peristalsis, and what two places does it occur in the body

Involuntary waves of muscle contraction and esophagus, stomach, large intestine, small intestine Pg.62. CLF Digestion New

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52. Could the duodenum preform without the small intestine?

The pancreas produces enzymes that aid in chemical digestion. Without those enzymes chemical digestion could not be completed, so the small intestine would be unable to absorb small nutrient molecules into the bloodstream. Pg.62. CLF Digestion New

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53. What is food absorbed through?

Small intestine Pg.60. WKST Food and Energy

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54. What is the livers function?

Produces bile that helps to break fat down into smaller particles. Pg. 62. CLF Digestion New

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55. What is the function of the gallbladder?

It stores the bile produced by the liver and passes the bile through a tube in the small intestine to aid In digestion of fat particles. Pg.62. CLF Digestion New

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56. What organ does almost all chemical digestion take place?

Small intestine Pg.60. WKST Food and Energy